Germany Work Permit Visa
Why is migration important to Germany?
What are the advantages of migrating to Germany?
How can I get work permit in Germany?
Is it easy to get a work visa in Germany?
What are the eligibility requirements for the German Jobseeker visa?
Is IELTS required for German/Germany work visa?
What are the steps to apply for a Jobseeker visa?
What are the advantages of the Jobseeker visa?
What are the advantages of getting a work and residence permit in Germany?
Which are the top sectors for job opportunities in Germany?
What are the details of the German Skilled Workers Immigration Act?
What benefits does the German Skilled Workers act offer to non-EU skilled workers?
What is the Work visa Germany offers for EU residents?
What is the Work Visa Germany offers for non-EU residents?
Who is eligible for the EU Blue Card to work in Germany?
What is the German self-employment visa?
What privileges does a permanent residency give an immigrant in Germany?
What are the requirements to get permanent residency in Germany?
What are the other means to secure permanent residency?
What are the eligibility conditions and documents required to apply for permanent residency in Germany?
What are the benefits of having permanent residency in Germany?
What are the rules for non-EU nationals under the German Skilled Migration Act?
What are the reasons to study in Germany?
What are the types of German student visas?
What are the crucial steps to follow if you wish to study in Germany?
What are the eligibility requirements to get German citizenship?
What are the ways to get German citizenship?
Does Germany offer dual citizenship?
What is the German Family Reunion visa?
Germany has one of the most well-organized and fastest immigration process.one of the best ways to migrate to Germany is to go there for employment. If you have the right qualifications and experience, there are very good chances that you may find a job here because Germany is facing a serious skill shortage and is looking for foreign workers. The other good news is that the country offers a Jobseeker visa that lets you stay in the country and look for a job.
Migrants play an important role in the social and economic growth of Germany. The rising need for skilled labor has brought more and more skilled migrants to Germany. During the past decade, the German government has made major efforts to assimilate immigrants in order to offset the impact of demographic change which includes a shortage of skilled workers in crucial sectors.
Germany is facing a shortage of skilled workers in various occupations. Experts warn it may face a skills shortage of 3 million workers by 2030. The reasons for this are the increase in the number of aged citizens and the decreasing birth rate.
- Huge job market for professionals in the engineering, technology and manufacturing sectors
- Amazing benefits for residents including free healthcare and education
- German cities are consistently among the ‘World’s Most Livable Cities’
- Shortage of skilled workers in many industries, creating opportunities for immigrants
- One of the fastest visa decisions in a leading economy
- Great pay, great benefits and access to the whole European Union once you obtain your visa
- Largest populated nation in Western Europe and the largest economy in Europe
If you are migrating to Germany in order to work in the country, here are the work visa options for you.
Work visa: You must apply for a work visa and a residence permit before you enter Germany. You must approach the German embassy or consulate and submit your application. You must have a job offer from a German employer to apply for this visa.
EU Blue card: You are eligible for the EU blue card if you have a graduate or undergraduate degree from a recognized university and have secured a job with the stipulated annual gross salary in Germany.
You can get the EU Blue card if you have graduated from a German university or are a highly skilled professional in the field of either mathematics, IT, life sciences or engineering or are a medical professional. Your income must be at a comparable level with German workers.
Jobseeker visa: The Jobseeker visa allows skilled workers from other countries to come to Germany and search for a job. This visa was introduced to solve the problem of skills shortage in several areas. This visa was approved as per new immigration laws passed by the German government in May 2019. With this visa, you can stay in Germany for six months and look for a job.
Germany has a well-organized and efficient visa processing system. The country offers several visa options based on your country of origin. Those belonging to EU nations do not need a work visa or permit to work in Germany. Those from non-EU nations must apply for a work visa. The application must be made before you move to the country.
If you already have a job offer in Germany and are a graduate or post-graduate, then you can apply for an EU Blue Card before you move to Germany. However, the easiest way to get a work visa in Germany is to apply for the Jobseeker visa.
- Have a minimum of 5 years’ work experience in a job related to your area of study
- Proof that you have 15 years of regular education
- Knowledge of German language with a B1 or B2 level will help you in your job search in Germany
- Proof that you have enough funds for a six-month stay in Germany
- Proof that you have accommodation for the six months you will be in the country
IELTS is not required to qualify for a German work visa.
The English language requirements are dependent on the type of job you are applying for. If the job is for a position that involves travelling around the world, then a certain level of English proficiency is required. In such cases, it would be no harm to get an IELTS certification which is a validation of your English proficiency.
The right educational qualification, work experience and a basic knowledge of German will improve your prospects of finding a job here.
Step 1: Submit the required documents along with your application.
Step 2: Get an appointment from the embassy to submit the application form.
Step 3: Fill the online application form and submit it with the required documents.
Step 4: Attend the visa interview at the embassy or consulate.
Step 5: Pay the visa fees.
Step 6: Wait for the visa processing. This can be between one to two months.
The jobseeker visa allows you to search for a job in a duration of six months.
The visa is processed under six months making it easy to plan your course of action. Compared to other EU countries it is a quick visa decision.
Gives you ample time to find a job that is a fit for your skills and qualifications
Provision to apply for an EU blue card once you secure a job.
After 5 years of staying in Germany with a work visa, you will be eligible to apply for permanent residency.
You can bring your family members to Germany once you have a work visa and a residence permit. Your family members will be eligible for work and study opportunities in the country.
You and your family members will be eligible for social security benefits which will include insurance and pension benefits.
The top jobs of 2020 are expected in the STEM field and health-related occupations. Top jobs will be in the engineering, mechanical, electrical and IT fields. The healthcare sector will see more demand for nurses and caregivers, owing to the increase in the aging population in the country. Most job openings are expected in Southern and Eastern Germany.
The German government passed the Skilled Workers Immigration Act that came into effect from March 1st, 2020.
The German government has estimated that the new act will help to bring 25,000 skilled workers to Germany every year.
Features of the act
German employers will be able to hire skilled workers from overseas who have the required vocational training and they should have at least two years of vocational training.
In the past, if employers had to hire such workers, the occupation had to figure in the list of shortage occupations. This prevented the immigration of qualified workers and employers could not hire them. With this act, the restrictions on hiring overseas workers in shortage occupations will no longer be valid.
Foreign employees looking for work in the IT sector can apply even if they do not have a university degree or vocational training. The only requirement is a professional experience for a minimum of three years which could have been acquired in the last seven years.
The act does not require those with a foreign vocational training to apply for recognition of the training from a recognized German authority. This is a significant move because earlier any foreign worker wanting to work here had to get this recognition. Those with vocational training will now be required to apply for recognition from a single authority, the Central Service Centre for Professional Recognition.
With the implementation of this act, the waiting time for processing of residence permits to skilled workers has been reduced. Earlier it took six months’ time.
New deadlines have been imposed for the authorities; the professional qualification must be recognized within two months instead of three months. The Federal Employment Agency must give its preliminary approval within a week. The decision on the visa application must be made within three weeks of the submission of the visa application form.
The act will not only help overseas skilled workers to migrate quickly to Germany but also help German employers hire skilled workers in a quick time.
The act allows non-EU skilled workers to look for a job and subsequently work in Germany, especially in any of the occupations that are facing a skills shortage.
The act enables any non-EU citizen to work in Germany provided they have the necessary vocational training or appropriate degree and an employment contract from a German employer.
Skilled workers will find it easy to get a job seeker visa which allows them to stay six months in Germany and look for a job. They will not need to have an employment contract, but they will qualify for a jobseeker visa if they have completed professional training.
During these six months, they can either work up to ten hours a week or do an internship provided they have a B2 level in German.
Skilled workers selected under this new law will get a four-month employment offer. After four years they can apply for a permanent residence permit, provided they have contributed to the German pension fund for at least 48 months, have the financial means to support themselves, and the stipulated knowledge of German language.
If you belong to a country that is part of the EU you need not apply for permission to working in Germany. You are also exempted from applying for a work permit. As an EU citizen, you and your family members are free to enter the country and seek employment.
Citizens belonging to European countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland, also enjoy the same privileges as EU citizens. These citizens require a valid passport or identity card to live and work in Germany. But they will have to register their residence within three months of entering the country.
If you are a citizen of a non-EU nation you must apply for a work visa and a residence permit before you travel to the country. You must approach the German embassy or consulate in your country for them. Your application must include the following:
- Job offer letter from the firm in Germany
- Valid passport
- Annexure for an employment permit
- Certificates of academic qualification
- Certificates of work experience
- Approval letter from the Federal Employment Agency
If you intend to bring your family to Germany when you are working there, the following conditions apply:
- Your income must be enough to support you and your family
- You must be able to provide housing for your family
- Your family members must have a basic understanding of the German language
Individuals with a graduate or undergraduate degree from a recognized university and have secured a job with a specified annual gross salary in Germany before moving there are eligible for the EU Blue card.
Individuals who have graduated from a German university or are highly skilled professionals in the field of either mathematics, IT, life sciences, or engineering or are a medical professional are also eligible. Thye also must earn a salary comparable to German workers.
Privileges of the EU Blue Card
- Allowed to stay in Germany for four years
- Eligible for permanent residency after two or three years
- Spouse and children are eligible to come with you
- Family members eligible for a work permit
If you are looking for self-employment opportunities in the country, then you need to apply for a residence permit and permission to start your business. The self- employment visa is required if you are coming to Germany temporarily and for business purposes.
Before approving your visa, the authorities will check the feasibility of your business idea, review your business plan, and your previous experience in the business.
They will check if you have the capital to start your business and if your business has the potential to meet economic or regional needs in Germany. And your business should be beneficial to the German economy.
Once you have spent a certain amount of time living and working in Germany on a temporary residence permit, you are entitled to apply for a permanent settlement permit. As the name suggests, this type of residence permit grants you the right to stay indefinitely in Germany and gives you free access to the labor market.
Duration of stay
You are eligible to apply for permanent residence if you have been in the country between five to eight years. If you are staying on a legal residence permit for work or study, you can apply for permanent residency.
However, if you are a graduate from a German university, you can apply for PR after two years provided in these two years you had a residence permit for working in the country.
If you belong to a country that is part of the European Union, then you are automatically eligible for permanent residency in Germany.
If you are an EU Blue Card holder, you can apply for PR after working in Germany for 21 to 33 months.
As a self-employed person with a residence permit, you can apply for a PR after three years. But you must prove that you can financially support yourself for the long-term.
If you are a highly qualified worker with an annual income of over 84,000 Euros, then you can get a PR immediately.
If you are highly qualified and have the special technical knowledge or are involved in academic teaching or research, then you can get your PR almost immediately.
You should have proof of your job offer
You should have the financial means to support yourself.
Your ability to adapt to the local culture will be a plus point.
Knowledge of German language
Knowledge of the German language is necessary to obtain PR. B1 level of German is required which will be quite easy if you have lived in the country for more than two years. Apart from this, some knowledge of German society such as its legal, social and political system is mandatory.
Contribution to pension insurance
For making a PR application, you should have contributed to the statutory pension insurance of Germany. The duration of the contribution varies with the criteria you belong to. If you belong to the general category you should have contributed to the fund for at least 60 months.
If you are an EU Blue Card holder, you should have contributed to the fund for 33 months and if you are a graduate your contribution should be for 24 months.
There are two ways to secure permanent residency:
Through marriage: If you are married to a German citizen for more than two years and have lived in the country for more than three years, you are eligible to apply for PR.
Through birth: Children born in Germany to foreign citizens can apply for permanent residency.
Eligibility conditions to apply for permanent residency
You have a passport and visa
You can meet your maintenance costs without taking the help of public funds. These costs will include:
- Enough income to support you and your family
- Cost for accommodation and health insurance
No reason exists for your deportation
Have health insurance
You will be able to integrate with the living conditions in the country
When applying for permanent residency, you must submit the following documents:
- Passport and visa
- Your job offer letter that proves you can support yourself and your family
- Proof of educational and professional qualifications
- Proof of accommodation
The processing time for permanent residency is usually four to six weeks.
The benefits of having a PR visa are many.
- Once you get your PR visa, there is no need to contact the local Foreigners Office (Ausländerbehörde) for every approval or permission to changing your house or job to extending your visa.
- With a permanent residence permit, you can apply for any type of job or look for any kind of employment even though it may not be related to your studies. If you are in Germany on an ordinary visa or a jobseeker visa you will not be allowed to apply or take up a job unrelated to your profession.
- With a PR visa, you are eligible to start your own business or startup in Germany. The good news is that the German government is giving a lot of incentives to startups.
- With a PR visa, you are entitled to social benefits such as childcare benefits, healthcare benefits, and welfare benefits if you lose your job or are laid off.
- A PR visa holder gets the benefit of being able to study any course of his choice in a German university for which he can get a scholarship or financial aid if required.
- Freedom of movement within the EU countries is possible for PR visa countries. They require no visa to visit or work in any other European country under the EU.
- PR visa holders have easy access to bank loans in case they want to buy a house in Germany.
The German Skilled Immigration Act aims to provide easier access to the German labor market for skilled workers from non-EU countries, enabling them to gain employment in Germany even in jobs that might be filled by Germans or EU nationals, and allows foreigners to come to Germany for up to half a year to seek work.
The act also seeks to raise labor force numbers in Germany as many jobs remain vacant due to a lack of skills and employees.
The act has broadened the scope of those now deemed eligible professionals to migrate to Germany for work.
Besides those with a degree in tertiary education, non-EU nationals holding a qualification in vocational training received after a training course of two years duration are considered as qualified professionals and eligible to work in Germany.
Furthermore, in order to be able to work legally in Germany the worker must meet the following conditions:
- He must have official recognition of their foreign qualification by the relevant authority in Germany.
- He should have a work contract/offer from an employer in Germany related to their area of qualification.
Previously, non-EU employees were not permitted to get a job that could be filled by a German or EU national worker, this is no longer the case. In this respect, the Federal Jobs Department is no longer carrying out priority checks.
In addition, the new rules widen the fields of jobs for foreign employees, enabling them to work in a career that is not usually their field of study.
They can also work in jobs for which a degree in tertiary education is not compulsory, as well as in other skill-related professions for which a vocational, non-academic qualification is generally required.
As trained professionals with vocational qualifications, i.e. non-academic training, their jobs are no longer limited to occupations for which there is a shortage of skilled individuals from the EU.
Persons who have obtained a negative response that their qualification does not completely fulfill German qualification criteria now have an option.
They can come to Germany with a visa for training and skill development if they have the necessary A2 level in the German language.
Such a visa results in a residence permit valid for 18 months, which can be extended for another four months and the possibility of applying for a residence permit for training, study, or work before its validity ends.
No tuition fees in most universities while others have minimum tuition fees
Highly skilled staff providing world-class teaching
Choice of hundreds of academic courses
Affordable living costs
Students from around the world build cultural diversity
Opportunity to learn German Language
Various opportunities to work in the country once your course is over
There are three types of German student visas you can apply for:
German Student Visa: This is a visa for international students who have gained admission in a German University to a full-time study program.
German Student Applicant Visa: You will need this visa if you must apply in person for admission to a university course, but you cannot study in Germany with this visa.
German Language Course Visa: You will need this visa if you want to study for a German language course in Germany.
Completed and signed visa application form
Two photocopies of your passport
Your birth certificate of birth
Your recent passport-size photos
Proof of financial Resources
Choose your university
Germany has many universities offering a wide variety of courses. You must choose the right course and university. You can take the help of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) which has a database of almost 2,000 programs available in Germany.
Check if you meet the admission requirements
Check that your current qualifications are accepted by the university before applying.
You will need to also review the language specifications. Most courses are taught in German, requiring foreign applicants to show proof of their skills at the German language.
Provide evidence of having enough financial requirements
You may need to provide evidence that you have the required annual funds to cover your living expenses.
Apply to the selected universities
For most courses, you should apply directly to the university’s Foreign Office. Alternatively, you can use the website www.uni-assist.de, a centralized international student admissions portal run by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), but not all universities use this. You may need to apply separately for various courses and universities to improve your chances of being accepted by the university.
Many German universities may apply for admission twice a year-either in the winter semester or in the summer semester. As a general rule, applications for winter registration must be made by 15 July, and applications for summer registration by 15 January.
Submit the required documents
Every university will have its own requirements for documents, but the general documents required by universities are:
- Copy of your high-school diploma or previous degrees, and any other relevant qualifications
- Passport photo
- Copy of your passport
- Proof of language proficiency
- Receipt of payment of application fee
Get your health insurance
Health care insurance is mandatory in Germany for international students. Thus, you need to get health insurance to cover your medical needs in case of emergency in Germany. You will have to pursue your student health insurance coverage before enrollment at your university.
Get the appropriate student visa
There are different visa requirements for different study programs- graduate, post-graduate, exchange or doctorate studies. You may even need a visa for participation in a pre-academic course or in a non-academic German language course. Apply for the appropriate visa with the required documents.
What are the eligibility requirements to get German citizenship?
Eligibility requirements for German citizenship
- You must have a residence permit
- You must have had a place of residence in Germany for at least eight years
- You should have enough finances to support yourself and your dependents without relying on social welfare
- Have enough knowledge of German culture to pass the national naturalization test
- Have the required proficiency in German language at least till the B1 level
- Have no criminal convictions
Ways to get German citizenship
There are three ways to become a German citizen:
- Citizenship by naturalization
- Citizenship by birth
- Citizenship by descent
Every applicant for citizenship except those belonging to EU, EEA or Switzerland must meet any one of these requirements to become a German citizen.
1. Citizenship by naturalization
Most expatriates applying for German citizenship can apply for citizenship by naturalization. The requirements to apply under this category include the general eligibility requirements given above. Apart from this, applicants will have to pass a citizenship test.
This test contains 33 multiple choice questions on different topics like ‘Living in a democracy’, History and responsibility etc.
Apart from this you will have to answer specific questions about the state where you live. You will have to answer at least 17 questions correct if you must pass and you can retake the test in case you don’t pass. If you pass the test, you will be given a naturalization certificate.
Children below 16 are not required to give the test. Individuals with disability, sickness or old age are exempt from giving the test.
Those with a post graduate degree in politics, law or social science are exempted from giving the test.
You can qualify for citizenship by naturalization by marrying a German citizen. The conditions to obtain citizenship by this method includes:
Couple must have been married for at least two years and must have been living in Germany for at least three years. Apart from this they will have to meet the other naturalization requirements.
2. Citizenship by birth
If an individual is born in Germany, he will automatically be eligible for German citizenship. This is citizenship by ‘right of soil’ However if an individual is born in Germany but neither parent is German, then there are some additional requirements for citizenship, at least one parent must have lived in Germany for eight years or must be a permanent resident or must be a Swiss national.
3. Citizenship by descent
You will be automatically entitled to German citizenship if one of your parents is a German citizen. A child below 18 years adopted by German parents also becomes a German citizen.
Does Germany offer dual citizenship?
Dual citizenship is generally not offered by German government. You will have to give up your original citizenship once you become a German citizen. Dual citizenship is available only to certain special categories.
What is the German Family Reunion visa?
The German government allows immigrants from non-EU countries who are working in the country to bring their family members to the country on a temporary or permanent basis.
The German government supports the re-unification of families. They have a special visa for this known as the German Family Reunion Visa.
Eligibility requirements for the visa:
Immigrant workers wishing to bring their family members to Germany must meet the following conditions:
- Have enough income to support them and their family
- Have enough funds to provide housing for the family
- Family members must have basic understanding of the German language
- Children must be below 18 years
- Have a temporary or permanent residence permit or an EU Blue Card
- Have enough health insurance for them and family members
- Your spouse or partner will not require a visa or knowledge of German to come to the country under the following conditions:
- You have an EU Blue Card
- You are working in Germany as a research scientist or are a highly qualified worker
- Your partner has a university degree
Working on a family visa
Any adult who comes to Germany on a family reunion visa will be allowed to work according to German law. However, there are a few conditions that the relative they are joining must comply with:
- Must have a residence permit which authorizes employment
- Must have an EU Blue Card
- Must be a highly skilled person or be employed as a researcher