Canada Express Entry Draws

Canada Express Entry Draws

Canada Express Entry:
What is Canada’s immigration Plan for 2020-2022?
What is Canada Express Entry?
What is the total number of candidates in the EE pool?
What are the steps for Canada PR through express entry?
What are the questions asked in visa interviews?
What are the details of the Express Entry draws held in May 2020?
What are the processing fees?
When is the next EE draw?
What is an ITA?
How do you get an ITA?
What factors impact CRS Score?
What was the latest CRS cutoff score?
What are the historical CRS scores since 2015?
How can one improve one’s CRS score to get a PR visa for Canada?
What is the difference between PR and citizenship in Canada?
What are the conditions when renewing your PR visa?
What can you do when your PR visa is revoked?
Can I migrate to Canada without a job offer?
What are the features of Canada’s Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) program?
How can an immigrant bring a dependent child to Canada?
What is the education pathway for Canada PR?
Why is the CEC significant for migration to Canada?

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP):
What is the Canada Provincial Nominee Program?
What are the various Provincial Nominee Programs in Canada?
Which provinces of Canada participate in the PNP?
Is Quebec province of Canada part of the provincial nominee program?
What are the eligibility conditions for the Canada PNP?
How is the PNP connected to the Express Entry program?
How does one apply for the PNP program to immigrate to Canada?
What are the different categories of PNP programs?
What is the processing time for PNP programs?
Latest PNP Canada updates?
Why do certain immigration candidates try for permanent residence through the Provincial Nominee program?
Are there any differences between the various PNP programs?
What are the PNP updates for 2020?
How has the Provincial Nomination program become an important part of the Canada immigration program?
What are the best PNPs for Canada PR in 2020?
Can you move to another province after getting Canada PR under the PNP of a province?
How is this right to settle misused by immigrants?
What are the measures taken by the government to prevent misuse of this right?
What are the immigrant support services provided by the Canadian government?
What are the features of the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program?
What are the features of the Nova Scotia PNP program?
What are the details of the Alberta Provincial Nominee Program?
What are the details of the Prince Edward Island PNP?
What are the details of the New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program?
What are the details of the PNP program in Quebec?

BC PNP:
What is the BC PNP Tech Pilot program?
What are the features of the BCPNP Tech Pilot program?
What are the 29 occupations under the BC Tech Pilot program?
How do I apply for the BC PNP Tech Pilot?
Which program/categories in B.C. require invitations?
What are the eligibility criteria for the job offer under the BC Tech Pilot program?
List of draws under the three categories of the British Columbia PNP till date in 2020
What are the features of the British Columbia PNP program?

Draws:
List of Draws till now in 2020?

OINP:
What are the immigration categories under the Ontario immigration nominee program (OINP)?
What are the steps to apply for the OINP?

Start-up Visa Program:
What is the Start-up visa program and how is it a pathway for Canada permanent residency?
What are the requirements for startup visa holders to qualify for a PR visa?
What is the processing time for PR visa under the Startup visa program

Pilot Programs
Why does Canada have pilot immigration programs?
What are the details of some popular and recent pilot programs?

Quebec:
What are the details of the Arrima portal introduced by Quebec province?
What are the details of the PNP program in Quebec?

Canada Study Visa:
Does Canada give work permit for international students?
What are the eligibility criteria for a work permit?
What are the options for international students after they graduate?
What are the documents required for a student visa application?
What are the rules for bringing dependents on a student visa?

Canada Work Visa:
What are the different types of work permits?
What are the jobs that do not require a work permit?
What are the jobs that require a work permit?
What are the eligibility requirements to apply for a work permit from outside Canada?
What are the eligibility requirements to apply for a work permit from inside Canada?

What was the latest CRS cutoff score?

An Invitation to Apply (ITA) was given to 3,300 applicants in the latest August 20th  Express Entry draw for immigration into Canada. This draw was restricted to Canadian Experience Class (CEC) applicants only. For this draw the CRS score cut-off threshold was 454 points, making it the lowest CRS score for PR visa candidates in almost a year.

What is the total number of candidates in the EE pool?

The number of candidate in the Express Entry pools was 142,012 as per the latest draw held on August 20th 2020. The cut-off score got as low as 454 in the lowest draw cutoff since August 20th 2020.

When is the next EE draw?

Unfortunately, there’s no way to tell when the next draw will take place. However, based on the data collected since the start of Express Entry in 2015, there is a strong trend on when the draws take place: every two weeks on Wednesdays. But deviations from the pattern have taken place. Sometimes draws have taken place in intervals in one to three weeks.

What is an ITA?

An Invitation to Apply (ITA) is sent to the immigration candidates in the Express Entry pool selected by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

Immigration candidates with the highest CRS scores are issued an ITA. Every Express Entry draw has a minimum cutoff score and immigration candidates with a score equal or above the designated CRS score will get an ITA. In case of candidates having the same CRS score in the Express Entry pool, candidates with a longer presence in the pool will receive an ITA.

How do you get an ITA?

For skilled individuals wishing to migrate to Canada, the country offers the Express Entry system to apply for permanent residence. If you have the required points for eligibility which is 67 points at present, you can make your application through the Express Entry system.

The next step is to score the required points in the Comprehensive Ranking System to get an invitation to apply or ITA for Canada PR visas under the Express Entry immigration program. The CRS is a merit-based points system where points are given to candidates based on certain factors. Every applicant in the Express Entry system is assigned a CRS score out of 1200 points and if he scores the highest points under the CRS, he will get an ITA for the PR visa. The CRS score keeps changing with every Express Entry draw which is held approximately every two weeks by the Canadian government.

When you apply under the Express Entry system, you would like to know about the factors that will determine your CRS score.

What factors impact CRS Score?

The CRS score has four important factors. Your profile will be given a score based on these factors.

The CRS score factors include:

  • Human capital factors
  • Spouse or common-law partner factors
  • Skill transferability
  • Additional points

Canada has set a target of inviting I million immigrants by 2022. To meet this target, the IRCC will conduct more Express Entry draws and on a frequent basis.

Another fallout of the huge immigration targets is the reduction in the CRS scores. The scores for the draws to date have ranged between 440 t0 445.

This is good news for immigration candidates looking at moving to Canada on a PR visa under the Express Entry system.

Since the Express Entry draw is conducted at regular intervals, there is always a chance for you to improve your CRS score before you apply for a subsequent draw so that you get the required points to secure an Invitation to Apply (ITA) in the next Express Entry draw.

Do you need any help?

If you are a little confused and need more information on migration to Canada to visit our website. Our up-to-date coverage of the latest draws, PNP nominations can be found in the news snippets on the website that covers the latest news.

What is Canada’s immigration Plan for 2020-2022?

Canada announced its immigration plan for 2020-2022 in March 2020 where it plans to welcome more than one million new residents by 2022. There will be an annual increase in immigration levels ensuring that Canada has the highest immigration levels.

The Federal government of Canada has announced in its immigration plans to invite 341,000 immigrants in 2020, an additional 351,000 in 2021, and welcome another 361,000 immigrants in 2022. To meet these immigration targets, the government has decided to focus on economic programs.

It plans to admit around 58 percent of migrants as economic migrants through a range of migration programs. The most popular among them is the Express Entry program. However, the immigration targets are expected to be largely met by Provincial Nominee Programs, the Quebec Skilled Worker and Quebec Experience Programs, and recently introduced programs such as the Atlantic Immigration Pilot and Rural and Northern Pilot rather than Express Entry.

PNP draw updates for April 2020:

PROVINCE

CATEGORY / STREAM

DRAW DATE

DRAW INFORMATION

Alberta

Express Entry

1st April 2020

120 NOI issued,

Lowest CRS cutoff is 381

14th April 2020

200 NOI issued,

Lowest CRS cutoff is 353

British Columbia

Skills Immigration, Express Entry BC

7th April 2020 (Tech Pilot draw)

147 NOI Issued

16th April 2020

271 NOI Issued

21st April 2020

91 NOI Issued

Manitoba

Skilled Workers in Manitoba, International Education Stream, Skilled Workers Overseas.

9th April 2020

153 Letters of Advice to Apply issued in this draw

23rd April 2020

132 Letters of Advice to Apply issued in this draw

Ontario

Human Capital Priorities Stream

No Update For this month

NOIs issued in 2020 to date

  • Human Capital Priorities Stream – 1,440
  • French-Speaking Skilled Worker Stream – 242
  • Skilled Trades Stream – 0

Prince Edward Island

Express Entry, Entrepreneur

No Update For this month

Not Issuing NOI, Paused by PEI,

FURTHER NOT YET DECLARED

Saskatchewan

Express Entry and Occupation In-Demand

No Update For this month

The last draw happened on 26th March 2020

Nova Scotia

Express Entry

No Update For this month

New Brunswick

Express Entry

No Update For this month

Upcoming Online Information session for Nurse in May 2020, other events Postponed.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Express Entry & Other Program

No Update For this month

British Columbia – Skills Immigration and Express Entry Draw Updates – April 2020:

BC PNP Tech Pilot extended to June 2020 – The BC PNP Tech Pilot has been extended to June 2020 to provide B.C. tech employers with the continued ability to recruit and retain international talent.

Which program/categories in B.C. require invitations?

  • Skills Immigration — Skilled Worker
  • Skills Immigration — International Graduate
  • Skills Immigration — Entry Level and Semi-Skilled
  • Express Entry BC — Skilled Worker
  • Express Entry BC — International Graduate
  • Entrepreneur Immigration

DATE

CATEGORY

MINIMUM

SCORE

NUMBER OF

INVITATIONS

 

21st April

2020

(TECH PILOT DRAW)

SI – Skilled Worker

85

91

NOI

Issued

 

SI –  International Graduate

85

 

SI – Entry Level & Semi-Skilled

85

 

EEBC – Skilled Worker

85

 

EEBC – International Graduate

85

 

16th April

2020

SI – Skilled Worker

100

271

NOI

Issued

Impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on B.C. businesses.

The following NOCs were excluded: 0621, 0631, 0632, 0651, 1123, 1221, 1241, 3236, 6211, 6311, 6313, 6321, 6322, 6341, 6421, 6511, 6512, 6513, 6521, 6522, 6523, 654, 6525, 6531, 6532, 6533, 6562, 6564, 6611, 6621,  6711, 6721, 6722, 6731.

SI –  International Graduate

100

SI – Entry Level & Semi-Skilled

85

EEBC – Skilled Worker

105

EEBC – International Graduate

102

7th April

2020

(TECH PILOT DRAW)

SI – Skilled Worker

85

147

NOI

Issued

 

SI –  International Graduate

85

 

EEBC – Skilled Worker

85

 
 

MPNP under the Expression of Interest System:

Draw #87 – 9th April 2020

SKILLED WORKERS IN MANITOBA

  • Number of Letters of Advice to Apply issued: 123
  • Ranking score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 500

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION STREAM

  • Number of Letters of Advice to Apply issued: 14

SKILLED WORKERS OVERSEAS

  • Number of Letters of Advice to Apply issued: 16 who were invited directly by the MPNP under a Strategic Recruitment Initiative
  • Ranking score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 742

Of the 153 Letters of Advice to Apply issued in this draw, 15 were issued to candidates who declared a valid Express Entry ID and job seeker validation code.

Draw #88 – April 23, 2020

SKILLED WORKERS IN MANITOBA

  • Number of Letters of Advice to Apply issued: 93
  • Ranking score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 489

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION STREAM

  • Number of Letters of Advice to Apply issued: 14

SKILLED WORKERS OVERSEAS

  • Number of Letters of Advice to Apply issued: 25 who were invited directly by the MPNP under a Strategic Recruitment Initiative
  • Ranking score of lowest-ranked candidate invited: 714

Of the 132 Letters of Advice to Apply issued in this draw, were issued to candidates who declared a valid Express Entry ID and job seeker validation code.

NEW BRUNSWICK – Upcoming National and International Recruitment Events:

May 2020

Online Information Session for Nurses

SIGN UP

May 2020

08:00

NB Recruitment Event

Mexico

POSTPONED

May 2020

08:00

NB Recruitment Event

Chile

POSTPONED

May 2020

08:00

Information Session

Argentina

POSTPONED

What is the Canada Provincial Nominee Program?

The Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP) was started by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to help the different provinces and territories in Canada to select immigration candidates who are willing to settle down in a particular province or territory in the country and have the skills and expertise to contribute to the economic development of the province or territory. But not all of Canada’s provinces and territories participate in the PNP.

Which provinces of Canada participate in the PNP?

The following provinces participate in the Provincial Nominee Program:

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Saskatchewan
  • Yukon

Is the Quebec province of Canada part of the provincial nominee program?

Quebec is not part of the Provincial Nominee Program but has a separate agreement with the government of Canada where it can select potential immigrants who want to settle down in the province. Quebec is the only province with the authority to select individuals outside the Provincial Nominee Program and has its own immigration criteria to select immigrants.

What are the eligibility conditions for the Canada PNP?

Provinces look for immigrants who can contribute to the economic growth of the province and are ready to settle down in the province. The provinces look for the following conditions when selecting candidates:

Most provinces are looking for individuals who will contribute to the province’s economic growth and are willing to settle in that province. Criteria that provinces take into consideration may include the following:

  • A job offer in the province
  • Work experience in important industries
  • English or French language skills
  • Presence of close relations in the province
  • Ability to adapt to the lifestyle in the province

How is the PNP connected to the Express Entry program?

Provinces can nominate a certain number of candidates under the Express Entry system in order to meet their local employment requirements.

Candidates in the Express Entry pool who obtain the PNP nomination from a province are awarded 600 points under the Comprehensive Ranking System, out of a possible total of 1,200.

When these additional points are added to a candidate’s total points it will result in an invitation to apply (ITA) for permanent residency in the next Express Entry draw.

In addition, candidates must meet the eligibility criteria of any one of the following federal economic immigration programs for entry and selection from the Express Entry pool:

  • Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
  • Federal Skilled Trades (FST)
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Provinces and territories can add any additional criteria for their own immigration streams.

Depending on the province, candidates eligible to join the Express Entry pool can either join the pool first, then be nominated by a province or territory, or be nominated by a province or territory before completing an online Express Entry profile and entering the Express Entry pool.

Why do certain immigration candidates try for permanent residence through the Provincial Nominee program?

Some candidates may already be in the Express Entry pool but will not have enough CRS points to get an ITA. However, with a provincial nomination, they will get an additional 600 points added to their CRS score which greatly improves their chances of getting an ITA.

Another reason could be that they already have a job offer from the province or they are already residing in the province and have either finished their studies there or working on a temporary basis in the province and are thus eligible for its nomination streams.

Are there any differences between the various PNP programs?

Some PNP Canada streams are aligned with the Express Entry system, while some are not aligned with the EE system.

Some PNP programs require applicants to have a job offer, while others do not.

Applicants can apply directly to some PNP streams while others issue invitations on an Expression of Interest (EOI) basis, where applicants must first get an ITA before submitting their application.

What are the various Provincial Nominee Programs in Canada?

PROVINCE CATEGORY / STREAM
Alberta

Express Entry

Alberta Opportunity Stream

Self-employed farmer stream

British Columbia

Skills Immigration Express Entry BC

Entrepreneur immigration

Manitoba Skilled Workers in Manitoba, International Education Stream, Skilled Workers Overseas
New Brunswick

Entrepreneurs, International graduates Skilled workers with employer support

Skilled workers under EE stream

Newfoundland and Labrador

Express Entry

Skilled workers International graduates

Entrepreneurs

Nova Scotia

Express Entry

Skilled workers

Entrepreneurs

Ontario Human Capital Priorities Stream
Prince Edward Island

Express Entry Entrepreneur

International graduates

Saskatchewan

Express Entry

Skilled worker Occupation In-Demand

North West Territories

Employer driven

Business

Yukon

Foreign workers

Business nominee

What are the PNP updates for 2020?

Province Date of draw/No of invitations
Alberta

January 9-150 ITAs

January 29-350 ITAs

March 4-100 ITAs

March 11-150 ITAs

April 1-120 NOIs

April 14-200 NOIs

British Columbia

January 7-173 ITAs

January 14-70 ITAs

January 21-58 ITAS

January 28-284 ITAs

Feb 4-85 ITAs

Feb 11-83 ITAs

Feb 19-53 ITAs

Feb 27-290 ITAs

March 3-80 ITAs

March 10-332 ITAs

March 17-87 ITAs

March 30-311 ITAs

April 7-147 NOIs

April 16-271 ITAs

April 21-91 ITAs

May 7- 237 NOIs

Manitoba

January 2-186 ITAs

January 17-249 ITAs

Feb 3-181 ITAs

Feb 13-242 ITAs

Feb 27-217 ITAs

March 12-222 ITAs

March 26-226 ITAs

April 9-168 ITAs

April 23-132 ITAs

May 7-123 LAAs

Ontario

January 15-954 NOIs

Feb 13-486 NOIs

Feb 26 –20 NOIs

April 22-26 NOIs

Prince Edward Island

January 16-110 ITAs

Feb 23-143 ITAs

Saskatchewan

January 9308 ITAs

January 13-234 ITAs

Feb 13-646 ITAs

Feb 27-576 ITAs

March 26-205 ITAs

Nova Scotia Feb 5-28 ITAs

What are the historical CRS scores since 2015?

The Government of Canada routinely issues Invitations to Apply (ITAs) for Canadian permanent residency by frequent draws from the Express Entry pool to the highest-ranking applicants (those with the highest CRS score) and intends to process applications within six months.

When the program began, candidates with a CRS score of 886 or higher were sent first invitations. The scores have since fallen to about 500 in 2016 and continued to fall to 450 in 2017. The cut-off score has since remained at around 440-450 with a minimum score of 413. 

An analysis of the historical score reveals that in the last few years, the cut-off score has remained steady, hovering around 440-460 points. This means that for each draw, the pool of candidates is relatively equal to the number of ITAs given for each draw. If your score is close to the last draw’s cut-off point, you should remain optimistic, especially if you work on improving your score, then you will be invited in the following draws.

Some highlights on CRS points in Express Entry draws from 2015 till date

  • Minimum CRS points required for selection in the Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC): 199 (May 26, 2017)
  • Minimum CRS points required for selection in the Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC): 413 (May 31, 2017)
  • Minimum CRS points required for selection in the Canadian Experience Class (CEC): 413 (May 31, 2017)
  • Largest decrease in CRS points required between two consecutive draws: 273 (from May 22, 2015 to June 12, 2015 draws)
  • Smallest decrease in CRS points required between two consecutive draws: 0 (on three occasions)

What is the BC PNP Tech Pilot program?

The BC PNP Tech Pilot is an initiative launched under the BC Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP) to help the tech sector in recruiting international talent.

The BC Tech Pilot was launched in 2017 to meet BC’s demand for tech talent and expanding its pool of talented skilled workers. The BC PNP Tech Pilot has been extended till June 2020.

What are the features of the BCPNP Tech Pilot program?

  • Dedicated concierge service which gives access to relevant immigration information to tech employers
  • Weekly invitations to apply (ITAs) are issued to tech workers in any of the eligible occupations thus minimizing the wait for tech employers.
  • Priority processing ensures that the tech applications are given priority during processing to help meet the sector’s immediate demands

Engagement with tech employers through continuous support and sessions and events specially for the tech sector.

What are the 29 occupations under the BC Tech Pilot program?

Occupation NOC code
Telecommunication carriers managers 131
Computer and information systems managers 213
Managers – publishing, motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts 512
Civil engineers 2131
Mechanical engineers 2132
Electrical and electronics engineers 2133
Chemical engineers 2134
Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers) 2147
Information systems analysts and consultants 2171
Database analysts and data administrators 2172
Software engineers and designers 2173
Computer programmers and interactive media developers 2174
Web designers and developers 2175
Biological technologists and technicians 2221
Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians 2241
Electronic service technicians (household and business equipment) 2242
Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics 2243
Computer network technicians 2281
User support technicians 2282
Information systems testing technicians 2283
Authors and writers 5121
Editors 5122
Translators, terminologists and interpreters 5125
Broadcast technicians 5224
Audio and video recording technicians 5225
Other technical and co-ordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts 5226
Support occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting, photography and the performing arts 5227
Graphic designers and illustrators 5241
Technical sales specialists – wholesale trade 6221

What are the eligibility criteria for the job offer under the BC Tech Pilot program?

  • The job offer must belong to any one of the 29 eligible occupations
  • The job offer must be at least for a duration of one year (365 days)
  • The job offer must have 120 calendar days remaining at the time of application

How do I apply for the BC PNP Tech Pilot?

The BC PNP Tech pilot is not a separate BC PNP stream or category. The application process is the same as the BC PNP, these are the steps in the process:

  • The candidate must register under his selected category. The registration is free
  • Every week (subject to processing capacity), the BC PNP will conduct a tech draw to invite the highest-scoring technology sector registrants to apply.
  • Invited candidates should submit their applications within 30 days.
  • BC Tech pilot applications will be processed on a priority basis.
  • If accepted, the applicant may obtain a nomination that can be used to apply for permanent residence.

What are the immigration categories under the Ontario immigration nominee program (OINP)?

The OINP has the following immigration categories:

  1. Human Capital Category has two categories – Ontario’s Express Entry streams and the International Graduates streams.

Eligibility Requirements

Express entry stream- Candidate must have received notification of interest from Ontario and have an updated profile.

International graduate stream- To qualify in either of its two streams- Masters Graduate or Ph.D. Graduate streams- the candidate must have a degree from an eligible Ontario university and apply within two years of getting the degree.

  1. Employer Job Offer Category- three streams
  • Foreign Worker stream
  • International Student stream
  • In-Demand Skills stream

Eligibility Requirements

Full-time and permanent job offer from an employer in Ontario.

  1. Business Category

Eligibility Requirements

Candidate must be an entrepreneur from outside Canada looking to implement a new business idea or buy an existing business in Ontario.

What are the steps to apply for the OINP?

  1. Ensure that you qualify

After selecting the stream, you want to apply under, ensure you fulfill all the mandatory requirements for the stream.

  1. Apply for nomination by the Ontario government 

Apply online, through the OINP e-Filing Portal, this will take two to three hours.

  1. Apply to the Government of Canada for permanent residence

If your application is successful and you are nominated by the province, you can apply for your permanent residence through IRCC.

What are the details of the latest draws under the OINP?

In a draw held on April 22, the province of Ontario issued 26 Invitations to Apply (ITAs) in its second draw of 2020 through its Entrepreneur stream.

The invitations were issued to candidates scoring between 132 and 200 points.

On April 29, the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) issued invitations to 190 candidates in 14 skilled trades occupations.

The draw has chosen candidates with experience in in-demand occupations in Ontario to help companies hire workers with expertise in the specific Skilled Trades. This draws selected candidates with a valid Express Entry profile.

Ontario held an Express Entry draw on April 30 and invited 307 French-speaking Express Entry candidates. The draw comes under the French-Speaking Skilled Worker Stream. This is the second OINP Express Entry-linked draw in the past two days, and the largest draw for this year.

Selected candidates will be permitted to immigrate to Canada through Ontario’s Express Entry French-Speaking Skilled Worker (FSSW) stream.

With 307 Notifications of Interest (NOIs), this is the biggest FSSW draw yet for this year.

List of Draws till now in 2020?

Sl. No. Draw No. Date of Draw Minimum CRS ITAs issued
1 #165 14-Oct-20 471 4,500
2 #164 30-Sep-20 471 4,200
3 #163 16-Sep-20 472 4,200
4 #162 02-Sep-20 475 4,200
5 #161 [CEC] 20-Aug-20 454 3,300
6 #160 [PNP] 19-Aug-20 771 600
7 #159 [FSTP] 06-Aug-20 415 250
8 #158 05-Aug-20 476 3,900
9 #157 [CEC] 23-Jul-20 445 3,343
10 #156 [PNP] 22-Jul-20 687 557
11 #155 08-Jul-20 478 3,900
12 #154 [CEC] 25-Jun-20 431 3,508
13 #153 [PNP] 24-Jun-20 696 392
14 #152 [CEC] 11-Jun-20 437 3,559
15 #151 [PNP] 10-Jun-20 743 341
16 #150 [CEC] 28-May-20 440 3,515
17 #149 [PNP] 27-May-20 757 385
18 #148 [CEC] 15-May-20 447 3,371
19 #147 [PNP] 13-May-20 718 529
20 #146 [CEC] 01-May-20 452 3,311
21 #145 [PNP] 29-Apr-20 692 589
22 #144 [CEC] 16-Apr-20 455 3,782
23 #143 [PNP] 15-Apr-20 808 118
24 #142 [CEC] 09-Apr-20 464 3,294
25 #141 [PNP] 09-Apr-20 698 606
26 #140 [CEC] 23-Mar-20 467 3,232
27 #139 [PNP] 18-Mar-20 720 668
28 #138 04-Mar-20 471 3,900
29 #137 19-Feb-20 470 4,500
30 #136 05-Feb-20 472 3,500
31 #135 22-Jan-20 471 3,400
32 #134 08-Jan-20 473 3,400
Total ITAs issued in 2020 so far – 82,850.

How has the Provincial Nomination program become an important part of the Canada immigration program?

The PNP has become the fastest growing immigration pathway to Canada PR in recent times. The reason for this is the increase in the number of annual allocations to provinces by the federal government. This underlines the importance of PNP in Canada’s immigration policies.

To reinstate this fact, the government plans to give more than 200,000 immigrants a PR visa under this program till 2021.

Apart from this, an applicant who submits his case to a PNP that is linked to the Express Entry program benefits from a PNP nomination. It can help the applicant add 600 CRS points to his Express Entry application and makes him eligible to apply for a PR visa directly to IRCC.

Canada has increasingly come to rely on the PNP program to meet the labor shortage in the country. The Canadian government has continuously increased its targets for the PNP program. It has set a target of 67,800 for 2020.

The government plans to give more than 200,000 immigrants a PR visa under this program till 2021.

What are the best PNPs for Canada PR in 2020?

Here are the three best PNPs for 2020:

  1. Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)

The program offers a variety of categories and sub-categories to help individuals and families wanting to settle down in Canada.

To be eligible for the program:

 Candidates must have at least one year of experience in any of the jobs in Saskatchewan’s in-demand list of occupations

They must have completed their education up to the post-secondary level

Have proficiency in either English or French.

Many categories and sub-categories in the SINP program are not aligned to the Federal Express Entry system. However, the Saskatchewan International Skilled Worker is aligned with the Express Entry program which creates the possibility of adding 600 points to your CRS and getting an ITA in subsequent Express Entry draws.

  1. Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)

 This program has several categories to help skilled workers, graduates and business owners to migrate to Canada.

The OINP offers three streams that are aligned to the Express Entry program. So, an OINP provincial nomination under any of these programs will add 600 points to your CRS score.

 Among them is the Human Capital Priorities Stream. To apply under this program candidates must have a CRS score of 400 points or higher. There is the French-Speaking Skilled Worker Stream for candidates who have proficiency in French.

There is also the Skilled Trades Stream designed for candidates with experience of working in a trade-in Ontario.

  1. Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)

The Nova Scotia Immigration Program is aligned with the Express Entry system. Candidates with an active Express Entry profile are eligible to apply for this program. NSNP offers two categories.  Category A which requires candidates to have a job offer from an employer in the province. The other Category B does not have such a condition. The candidates are only required to have experience in any of the in-demand occupations in the province.

What is Canada Express Entry?

Express Entry-A popular pathway for Canada PR:

Express Entry was launched on January 1, 2015 and today, five years after its creation, it has become the main gateway for foreign nationals wishing to fulfill their Canadian dream and is the country’s largest immigration program among the 80 plus immigration programs in the country. Canada has welcomed 310,465 economic immigrants via Express Entry since its launch.

Before the Express Entry Scheme was launched, permanent residency applications were processed using the Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC), Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC) and Canadian Experience Class (CEC). The applications were processed on a first-come, first-serve basis.

Under the old approach, applications were reviewed and if they met the criteria for permanent residence, applicants were given a PR visa. However, things changed with the introduction of the Express Entry System, candidates for the FSWC, FSTC and CEC programs and even a part of the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) are now ranked based on the Comprehensive Ranking System or CRS.

The Canada Express Entry Program follows a points-based system for classifying applicants seeking to settle in Canada. Points are given to applicants based on skills, experience, Canadian employment status and provincial/territorial nomination. The higher your points, the greater are the chances of getting an invitation to apply (ITA) for permanent residency in Canada. The points are awarded to clients based on a Comprehensive Ranking System or CRS.

Every Express Entry draw has a minimum cutoff score. Those applicants with a CRS score equal or above the cutoff score will receive an ITA. If more than one candidate has a score equal to the cutoff score, the one with a long presence in the Express Entry pool will receive an ITA.

The CRS score has four important factors. Your profile will be given a score based on these factors.

What factors impact CRS Score?

The CRS score factors include:

  • Human capital factors- age, level of education, language proficiency in French and English
  • Spouse or common-law partner factors
  • Skill transferability- foreign work experience and language ability
  • Additional points- Sibling in Canada who is a citizen or PR visa holder, French language proficiency, post-secondary education in Canada, arranged employment, PNP nomination

The CRS score keeps changing with every Express Entry draw which is held approximately every two weeks by the Canadian government.

What are the steps for Canada PR through express entry?

Application for Canada PR through Express Entry program:

Step 1: Create your Express Entry profile

After checking if you are eligible for a PR visa, in the first step, you will have to create your online Express Entry profile. The profile should include credentials that include age, work experience, education, language skills, etc.

Step 2: Complete your ECA

If you have done your education outside Canada, you should complete an Educational Credentials Assessment or ECA. This is to prove that your educational qualifications are equal to those awarded by the Canadian educational system.

Step 3: Complete your language ability tests

As the next step in the Express Entry program, you should take the required English language proficiency tests. The recommendation is a score of 6 bands in IELTS. Your test score should be less than 2 years old at the time of application.

 Step 4: Calculate your CRS score

The profiles in the Express Entry pool are ranked based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score. Factors such as age, work experience, adaptability, etc. determine your CRS score. Your profile gets included in the Express Entry pool if you have the required CRS score.

 Step 5: Get your Invitation to Apply (ITA)

If your profile gets selected from the Express Entry pool, provided you have the minimum score for the Express Entry draw. After this, you will get an ITA from the Canadian government after which you can start the documentation for your PR visa.

Latest Canada Express Entry Draws

Express Entry Draw 2015:

After its introduction in January 2015, the number of active candidates in the Express Entry system by end of 2015 amounted to 60,042. Out of these 41,218 were found eligible and a total of 31,063 invitations were issued.

 A review of the Express Entry system at the end of 2015 showed that the IRCC received a total of 37,424 applications out of which 14,058 applications were approved. The table below gives more details.

Application Received

Applications in Progress

Applications Approved

Visas Issued

Admissions

37,424

15,246

14,058

13,241

9,739

Provincial Nomination Program (PNP) candidates:

In 2015, IRCC issued 4,105 invitations to candidates under the PNP. The invitations were sent to only those candidates who were nominated by states and territories.

Top occupations that were issued invitations:

Candidates serving as Food Service Supervisors (NOC 6311) or Cook (NOC 6322) were the largest group of candidates to be invited in 2015 followed next by IT professionals (NOC 21), next in the list were business and finance professionals (NOC 11) or university professors (NOC 40).

Top five countries of residence:

In the early months of introduction of the Express Entry system, Canada was the main country of residence of the applicants owing to the high number of foreign workers in Canada who had LMIA backed job offers and wanted to settle in the country.  The below table indicates the top five countries of origin in Express Entry 2015.

Country of Residence

Number#

%

Canada

22,111

78.1%

India

1,745

6.2%

United States of America

622

2.2%

China, People’s Republic of

409

1.4%

England

294

1.0%

CRS score and ITAs for 2015:

As we mentioned earlier ITAs are issued to candidates based on their CRS score. Here is a graph depicting the CRS score and ITAs for the EE draws in 2015.

ITA's and CRS

In 2015, which was the year of introduction of the Express Entry draw, a range of highly skilled candidates were invited for PR visas. The system was successfully used by provinces, territories and Canadian employers to meet the needs of their labor market.

 Express Entry Draw 2016:

The Express Entry system was introduced to streamline the immigration process in Canada. The main motives for introducing the system were:

  • Allow flexibility in the selection of candidates and management of applications
  • Build a system that is responsive to the labor market and regional needs
  • Improve the speed of application processing

The Express Entry system started showing results just two years after its introduction.

In 2016, the number of invitations issued to Express Entry candidates was around 34,000 which was an increase of 3000 from 2015.

A review of the Express Entry system at the end of 2016 showed that the IRCC received a total of 40,591 applications out of which 39,704 applications were approved. The table below gives more details.

Application Received

Applications in Progress

Applications Approved

Visas Issued

Admissions

40,591

4,826

39,704

36,978

33,463

Provincial Nomination Program (PNP) candidates:

In 2016, IRCC issued 8,798 invitations to candidates under the PNP.

Top occupations that were issued invitations:

Research of the Express Entry draws of 2016 suggest that PR applicants were highly qualified, and many had studied science, technology, engineering and mathematics and related fields. The top ten occupations for permanent residents included the field of software and computer engineering.

Candidates working as IT professionals (NOC 21) formed the largest group of candidates who were given PR invitations. This was followed by cooks (NOC 6322) and food service supervisors (NOC 6311). Retail sales supervisors (NOC 6211) were placed in the tenth position.

Top five countries of residence:

Canada was the main country of residence for invited candidates because of the high number of temporary foreign workers with a job offer that wished to settle in Canada permanently. The country of citizenship reflects the origin of qualified candidates from the pool. Like 2015, even in 2016, Canada was the main country of residence of the applicants owing to the high number of temporary foreign workers in Canada who had job offers and wanted to settle in the country. The country of residence indicates the origin of qualified candidates in the pool.

The below table indicates the top five countries of origin in Express Entry 2016.

Country of Residence

Number

%

Canada

22,111

78%

India

1,745

6%

United States

622

2%

China

409

1%

United Kingdom

294

1%

CRS score and ITAs for 2016:

Number of ITAs and CRS 2016

Looking at the performance of the Express Entry system in 2016 indicates that in the two years after its introduction, the EE system has succeeded in bringing a diverse set of highly skilled candidates to Canada. The EE system helped provinces and employers in Canada to meet their regional and labor needs respectively.

Express Entry Draw 2017:

The Express Entry system introduced two new criteria for gaining additional points in July 2017:

1. French-language proficiency points: The points are awarded to candidates who have a score of 7 or higher in all the 4 French language skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing). These candidates receive:

Fifteen bonus points for all four of their English language skills if they scored 4 or lower on the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB).

Thirty extra points for all four of their English language skills if they scored 5 or higher on their CLB.

2. Sibling in Canada: Points are awarded when:

The candidate or the spouse or common-law partner if the candidate has a sibling who is residing in Canada as a citizen or permanent resident of Canada

The sibling must be eighteen years of age or older and related to the candidate by blood, marriage, common-law relationship or adoption and have a shared parent.

Two other changes were made to the Express Entry system in 2017:

1. Registration in the Job Bank was free for all applicants. Candidates who meet minimum entry requirements for Express Entry are automatically placed into the pool and qualify for invitation rounds immediately. Candidates also have the option of building a Job Match account with Job Bank when searching for Canadian jobs. Many Canadian employers still look for eligible candidates in the Job Bank.

2. A new tie-breaking rule was introduced in this year.  Candidates are given ITAs based on their CRS scores. If two candidates have the same CRS score, ITAs are given to candidates who have preceded in the date and time of their profile submission.

A review of the Express Entry system at the end of 2017 showed that the IRCC received a total of 109,497 applications out of which 96,182 applications were approved. The table below gives more details.

Application Received

Applications in Progress

Applications Approved

Visas Issued

Admissions

109,497

28,371

96,182

93,569

65,401

Provincial Nomination Program (PNP) candidates:

In 2017, IRCC issued 8,732 invitations to candidates under the PNP.

Top occupations that were issued invitations:

Candidates working as Information systems analysts (NOC 2171) formed the largest group of candidates who were given PR invitations. This was followed by software engineers (NOC 2173) and computer programmers (NOC 2174). Financial auditors and accountants (NOC 1111) were placed in the fourth position.

Top five countries of residence:

Country of residence

Number

%

Canada

42,184

49%

United States

5,820

7%

Nigeria

2,926

3%

United Arab Emirates

2,458

3%

CRS scores and ITAs for 2017:

Number of ITAs and CRS 2017

The changes made to Express Entry in 2017 are consistent with Canada’s Global Skills Strategy and roadmap for Official Languages. Not only can these developments draw a variety of talent from around the world, including former international students and French-speakers, but also bring families together.

Such targeted changes are the result of internal monitoring combined with input from applicants and stakeholders like provinces, territories and employers.

Express Entry Draw 2018:

In the Express Entry draw of 2018, the IRCC received nearly 280,000 Express Entry profiles which were a 10% increase compared to 2017. 70% of these candidates were eligible under at least one of Federal Skilled Worker program the Federal Skilled Trades Program, or the Canadian Experience Class, when compared to 2017 where only 65% of submitted profiles were eligible.

In 2018, the IRCC received around 280,000 applications which was an increase of 10% when compared to the previous year.  applications were approved in 2018. The table below gives more details.

Applications Received

Applications Approved

Admissions

280,000 (Approx)

89,800

92, 231

Provincial Nomination Program (PNP) candidates:

In 2018, IRCC issued 10,802 invitations to candidates under the PNP.

Top occupations that were issued invitations:

Software engineers and designers (NOC 2173) were the largest groups of professionals who were given ITAs. They moved from second place in 2017 to the first place. They were followed by Information systems analysts and consultants  (NOC 2171) Computer programmers and interactive media developers (NOC 2174) were in third place, followed by financial auditors and accountants (NOC 1111).

Top five countries of residence:

Country

Number

%

India

36,308

42%

China

7,467

9%

Nigeria

5,129

6%

Pakistan

3,337

4%

United Kingdom

2,659

3%

CRS scores and ITAs for 2018:

Number of ITAs and CRS 2018

The 2018 report showed Express Entry’s fourth consecutive year of growth, with the highest number of invitations on record. More than half of those issued ITAS in 2018 were between the ages of 20 and 29, which is also the age group under the CRS that earns the most points. Ninety percent of the candidates invited had a post-secondary qualification.

Express Entry Draw 2019:

Though the 2018 Express Entry Draw set a record with the highest number of invitations, the EE draws of 2019 did not lag. The year saw an impressive figure of 85,300 invitations being issued to highly skilled foreign workers under the Express Entry system.

2019 was the year with the second-highest number of invitations after 2018 since the introduction of the Express Entry system in 2015. The IRCC held 26 draws under the EE system and 24 of them involved programs managed exclusively by the Express Entry system.

Many expected that the number of ITAS issued in 2019 under the EE system would surpass the numbers of 2018. This, however, did not happen, a possible explanation could be that the IRCC had to keep the number of invitations down to maintain the processing time of six months for PR applications filed through the EE system.

Provincial Nomination Program (PNP) candidates:

In 2018, IRCC issued more than 21,000 invitations to candidates under the PNP. It was a big year for the Express Entry linked PNP programs. A possible explanation is the growing number of EE candidates who received a provincial nomination and the additional 600 CRS points it added to their application.

Canada continued to set higher admission targets for its PNP program and the provinces and territories are keen to take advantage of this fact and are issuing more nominations to Express Entry candidates.

The provinces that saw significant development in the Express Entry linked streams in 2019 were Ontario, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Nova Scotia.

Top five countries of residence:

Country of residence

India

China

Philippines

Nigeria

United States

CRS score and ITAs for 2019:

Number of ITAs and CRS 2019

The best outcome of the 2019 Express Entry program was the all-time high in the number of ITAs from Express Entry linked PNP programs.

Express Entry Draw 2020:

Even though we are only in the fourth month of 2020, there is a lot happening in the Express Entry program for this year. The Coronavirus pandemic has not created a dent in the country’s determination to welcome more immigrants to the country especially through the Express Entry program.

In the first week of March, the Canadian government announced its immigration level plans for the next two years much before the Coronavirus pandemic escalated to its present proportions. The Federal government of Canada had announced in its immigration plans to invite 341,000 immigrants in 2020, an additional 351,000 in 2021, and welcome another 361,000 immigrants in 2022. To meet these immigration targets, the government planned to focus on economic programs. It increased the quota of provincial nominee programs from 61,000 to 67,800 for this year.

However, despite the Coronavirus pandemic Canada is determined to continue with its immigration plans especially the Express Entry program. A review of the Express Entry for the first quarter of this year reveals some interesting facts.

Canada Express Entry issued the fifth most invitations to apply (ITAs) in the first three months of 2020, and the most ever for the first quarter since 2017.

Figures show 22,600 ITAs of 2020 issued in January, February and March through seven draws, eclipsed the ITAs of the total draws in 2018 and 2019 but fall short of the 24,652 ITAs released in 2017.

ITAs – Invitation to Apply Issued 
Month/Year ITAs – Invitation to Apply Issued 
Jan to March  – 2020 22600
Jan to March  – 2019 21200
Jan to March  – 2018 17500

The quarter also featured Express Entry’s biggest draw in history, with 4,500 ITAs issued on February 19 draw.

Just five all-program draws were seen in the first quarter of 2020. Amid restrictions placed in place by the federal government in response to Coronavirus, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), in the latter part of March conducted two program-specific draws targeting provincial applicants and Canadian Experience Class candidates.

In the three draws held in March 2020, 7800 ITAs were released by the IRCC.

Total   7800

In the Express Entry draw held on April 9, Canada invited 606 Express Entry candidates with an ITA for a PR visa. Canada conducted an Express Entry draw on the same day and issued 3,294 invitations in the latest round. The minimum CRS score for this draw was 464 points. The ITAS were issued to Canadian Experience Class candidates. The total number of ITAs issued were 3,900 on a single day.

Another Express Entry draw was held on April 15 where 118 invitations were issued to immigration candidates. The CRS score for this draw was 808 points.

What are the details of the Express Entry draws held in May 2020?

On May 1st the Canadian government had issued 3,311 ITAs to Express Entry candidates through a program-specific draw. Candidates under the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) and the minimum Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score for these candidates was 452.

This is the lowest CRS score so far in 2020 which was three points below the CRS score of the April 16th draw where the CRS score was at 455.

Canada invited 529 Express Entry candidates for permanent residency application in a draw held on May 13. In this latest draw, only candidates with a nomination from a Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) were invited. The CRS score was 718 for this draw. Though the score seems high the candidates will already have 600 CRS points due to a provincial nomination.

In the Express Entry draw held on May 15, 3371 invitations were issued to CEC candidates. The CRS score for the draw was 447 points.

The score was lower than the previous draw held on May 1 with a CRS score of 452.

The May 15 draw was within a 24-hour span of the previous draw held on May 13.

Canada held an Express Entry draw on May 27 where it issued 385 invitations to apply (ITAs) for candidates who had earlier received a provincial nomination.

The draw applied the tie-break rule. Candidates with a CRS score of at least 757 who submitted their profile before April 27, 2020, at 10:19:01 UTC, received an ITA in this round.

With this draw, a total of 38,585 Express Entry candidates have been invited to apply for permanent residence in 2020.

What are the PNP updates for 2020?

Province Date of draw/No of invitations
Alberta

January 9-150 ITAs

January 29-350 ITAs

March 4-100 ITAs

March 11-150 ITAs

April 1-120 NOIs

April 14-200 NOIs

May 13th-191 ITAs

British Columbia

January 7-173 ITAs

January 14-70 ITAs

January 21-58 ITAS

January 28-284 ITAs

Feb 4-85 ITAs

Feb 11-83 ITAs

Feb 19-53 ITAs

Feb 27-290 ITAs

March 3-80 ITAs

March 10-332 ITAs

March 17-87 ITAs

March 30-311 ITAs

April 7-147 NOIs

April 16-271 ITAs

April 21-91 ITAs

May 7th-237 NOIs

May 19th-158 ITAs

May 26th -133 ITAs

June 2nd-241 NOIs

Manitoba

January 2-186 ITAs

January 17-249 ITAs

Feb 3-181 ITAs

Feb 13-242 ITAs

Feb 27-217 ITAs

March 12-222 ITAs

March 26-226 ITAs

April 9-168 ITAs

April 23-132 ITAs

May 7th -123 LAAs

May 21- 99 ITAs

June 4th-124 LAAs 

Ontario

January 15-954 NOIs

Feb 13-486 NOIs

Feb 26 –20 NOIs

April 22-26 NOIs

May 13th – 703 ITAs

June 3rd-699 NOIs

Prince Edward Island

January 16-110 ITAs

Feb 23-143 ITAs

May 15th-15 ITAs

Saskatchewan

January 9308 ITAs

January 13-234 ITAs

Feb 13-646 ITAs

Feb 27-576 ITAs

March 26-205 ITAs

May 28th -252 ITAs

Nova Scotia Feb 5-28 ITAs

What is the Start-up visa program and how is it a pathway for Canada permanent residency?

Canada has a Start-up visa program that can be a pathway to a PR visa and a work permit when the PR visa application is pending. This program encourages immigrant entrepreneurs to develop their startup businesses in Canada. Applicants for this program can tie up with private companies in Canada and receive help on funding and guidance on running their business.

However, this visa program has clear rules on the ownership and shareholding requirements for the applicant. Eligibility requirements are:

  • Must meet the minimum language eligibility requirements in English or French
  • Must have enough funds to settle in Canada
  • Must clear the medical tests and security requirements
  • Have proof that the business has the required support
  • Must fulfill the ownership requirements.

The entrepreneur wanting to immigrate must have the support or sponsorship of a specified Canadian venture capital fund, angel investor or business incubator to qualify for the PR visa.

The IRCC has designated specific venture capital funds, investor groups, and business incubators to be part of this visa program.

Startups that succeed in getting through this program must be able to get the minimum required investment. If it is from a venture capital fund, minimum investment should be USD 200,000. If the investment is from an angel investor group, the investment should be at least USD 75,000. Applicants must also be a member of a Canadian business incubator program.

Applicants need not invest their own money in the business. Individuals who are granted PR visas through this program will retain their PR visas even if their startup is unsuccessful.

What are the requirements for startup visa holders to qualify for a PR visa?

The candidate must have a Certificate of Commitment from the designated entity.

The candidate must be fully involved in managing the business in Canada that must be incorporated in the country in order to qualify for a permanent residency. At least an essential part of the business operations must take place in Canada.

What is the processing time for PR visa under the Startup visa program

If the entrepreneur has a viable business idea, it will take between 4 to 6 months to get the letter of commitment or letter of support. Once that letter is received, the candidate can apply for a PR visa. The PR visa will take about 18 months to process.
Can you move to another province after getting Canada PR under the PNP of a province?

Canada provides its PR visa holders under the PNP, the right to settle down in any part of the country. Migrants selected through Canada’s PNP program for a PR visa have no actual obligation to settle in that province but have the right to live and work in any province of Canada. This right is provided by Section 6 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Under this section, permanent residents have the right to:

  • Move to any province or reside in any province
  • Pursue an occupation in any province

However, the eligibility to exercise these rights are available only after receiving the PR visa.

How is this right to settle misused by immigrants?

This facility of free movement between provinces has the potential to be misused by PR applicants who do not qualify under the Federal Skilled Worker Program to gain entry to the country under PNP.

Quebec has seen this trend with only a fraction of its approved PR migrants settling down in the province.

Other provinces including Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island which have their own skilled worker programs, also face this issue.3

What are the measures taken by the government to prevent misuse of this right?

The Canadian government has implemented certain checks and balances to avoid the misuse of these rights and to encourage migrants to settle down in the province they have applied for under the PNP.

PR applicants who qualify under the PNP must display their intention to live in the province where they were nominated. If the immigration officials at the Port of Entry (POE) are not convinced, they can stop their entry and charge them with misrepresentation.

The PNP program was created with an intention to bring in immigrants who can contribute to the development of the province. So, they expect them to live in the province for a considerable period.

However, the Charter of Rights does not impose any restrictions on immigrants on where they want to settle down. So, it is up to the provinces to filter applicants and choose immigrants who will settle in their territory. This will help prevent the misuse of the PNP to enter Canada.

Immigrants on their part must be clear about their intentions to choose their intended province in their applications to avoid any trouble in the future.

Why does Canada have pilot immigration programs?

The federal government’s strategy of launching pilot programs is an endeavor to improve the immigration programs of Canada. The pilot programs become a testing ground to assess whether the intended results are achieved before the immigration program becomes permanent. They are part of the well-planned approach Canada adopts for its immigration targets.

What are the details of some popular and recent pilot programs?

Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program

This immigration program was launched in 2017 to help bring more workers to the country’s Atlantic region that includes the four Atlantic provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward Island.

It is the most successful pilot program launched so far. More than 4000 migrants have settled in the Atlantic region of Canada under this program.  The government is proposing to make this program permanent with a target of at least 5000 migrants every year.

Under this employer-driven program which does not require an LMIA, employers in the Atlantic region can hire international workers. If a prospective immigrant receives a job offer from any of the participating employers, they will receive support for the immigration process to settle down in Canada.

To be eligible for the program, you must first get a job offer from one of the employers under the program.

The AIPP proposes to welcome more than 7,000 foreign nationals with their families by 2021 to the Atlantic Canada region. There are three programs under the AIPP:

  • Atlantic High-skilled Program
  • Atlantic Intermediate-skilled Program
  • Atlantic International Graduate Program

However, applicants can apply only under one of these programs. Each program has its own set of eligibility requirements. The best part is that this program offers a pathway to a PR visa.

Agri-food Immigration Pilot

The Agri-Food Immigration Pilot was launched in July 2019 to help meet the labor shortage in the agricultural sector in the country constantly deals with. The agri-food immigration pilot started accepting applications in May 2020. The pilot program was introduced to meet labor shortages in the agriculture industry.

Each year, the agri-food industry yields $110 billion in domestic sales plus an extra $65 billion in export sales. The industry supports 1 in every 8 Canadian jobs.

But talent shortages have stunted the agri-food industry’s potential for economic growth.

The agri-food immigration pilot is an attempt to hire Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs) to meet the labor shortage in the industry. This is the first industry-specific immigration stream launched by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). The program will allow a maximum of 2,750 candidates and their family members to submit applications every year.

The applications will be accepted till May 2023 according to the IRCC.

If the program runs for three years as planned will lead to 16,500 new permanent residents at the end of three years. The pilot program was launched to meet the labor needs in the agri-food sector in Canada.

Employers in Canada who sign up for the pilot program will be eligible for the Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) for a period of two years.

Temporary foreign workers will also be able to apply under the pilot from this year.

How can one improve one’s CRS score to get a PR visa for Canada?

Immigration to Canada is decided on a points-based system that is used to score and assess immigrants. It is used to give a score to the profile of immigrants and provide a ranking in the Express Entry pool. Applicants will have to meet the minimum points requirement to be eligible for the PR visa. The points are given based on the following criteria:

  • Skills
  • Education (more points for education obtained in Canada)
  • Language ability in English or French
  • Work experience
  • Language skills and education of the applicant’s spouse or common law partner
  • Job offer backed by a positive Labor Market Impact Assessment
  • Provincial government nomination for permanent residence

Immigration candidates who submit their profiles to the Express Entry pool are assigned a  Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score out of 1200 points. The Express Entry draw is conducted every two weeks and those with high CRS scores are invited to apply for the PR visa. The CRS score usually varies with every Express Entry draw. Your chances of being eligible for the draw improves if you have a high CRS score.

If you do not meet the required CRS score you will have to find ways to improve your points so that you get the points for an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for the PR visa.

 Here are some ways to improve your CRS score

Improve your language score: If you score well in language tests such as the IELTS, you will have significant addition to your CRS score. For instance, if you score a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 9 in the language test, you will get up to 136 direct points added to your CRS score. You can also add up to 24 points by appearing for a language test in French.

Apply under the Provincial Nominee Program: Applying for a PR visa under the PNP will get you 600 additional points for your Express Entry profile if you get an invitation.

 Get a job offer: A job offer from a Canadian employer will give you 200 additional points.

Get education in Canada: If you complete a recognized degree or diploma in Canada, you can get up to 30 extra points.

Apply for PR with your spouse:  Applying for the visa with your spouse can give you both additional points. Your spouse’s language proficiency will be worth 20 points, while the level of education and Canadian work experience can amount to 10 points under each category. So, you can get up to 40 points to add to your CRS score.

Get an LMIA approved job offer:  You can add up to 600 points to your CRS score if you secure a job offer that is recognized by the Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), from an employer in Canada.

Continue working: If you have less than three years of full-time work experience, you have the chance to add points to your CRS score if you continue working

What are the immigrant support services provided by the Canadian government?

Even before immigrants arrive in the country, the government runs a program called the Canadian Immigrant Immigration Program. This program provides a free orientation to immigrants who are about to move to Canada on the FSWP or PNP programs. This counselling is extended to the immigrant’s spouses and dependents. The program helps immigrants prepare for economic success in the new country. It provides them help in the form of:

  • Access to important information
  • Advice on options available to help them make decisions
  • Prepare them for challenges they might face
  • Provide direct connections with employers and other organizations who can support them in their new life in the country

The program provides crucial information in collaboration with partners in Canada. The program is open to immigrants from various countries.

Once immigrants move into the country, they can expect support from numerous immigrant service agencies who provide free service through volunteers who may speak your language or even belong to your country of origin.

Many locations in Canada have host programs which are again a volunteer-based program. Immigrants will be assigned a host who will guide them on looking for accommodation, schools, shopping, etc.

 Canada provides immigrant settlement services that provide the crucial support and counselling immigrants will need to quickly settle down in the new country. These services also include free language training courses (English or French) which will be important for immigrants to succeed.

What are the details of the Arrima portal introduced by Quebec province?

In order to simplify the application process for the Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSW) and provide a level playing field for all foreign nationals, Quebec’s immigration system introduced Arrima. This is a portal designed to manage Quebec’s Expression of Interest (EOI) system that has replaced its previous first-come first-served intake model.

Anyone who is interested in migrating to Quebec under the QSW program can use the Arrima portal. They can file their EOI through the portal. If you meet the needs of the province’s labor market, you will be issued an Invitation to Apply or ITA. Your application will then be evaluated based on the criteria described in the selection grid.

Like the Express Entry System, applicants are awarded points if they fulfil the various criteria under the selection grid, this includes:

  • Level of education or professional training
  • Age
  • Work experience
  • Your proficiency in French and English
  • Your previous visits and short-term stays in Quebec
  • Number of children under the age of 22 who will be accompanying you to Quebec
  • Your financial assets and ability to support yourself and your family for the first three months after your arrival
  • Your relationship with Canadian citizens or permanent residents existing in Quebec
  • If you have a spouse coming with you to Quebec, then they will be evaluated based on factors such as age, education, and language proficiency which can add to your score
  • A validated job offer or an offer of employment form a Quebec employer

The points you score in the selection grid will indicate your eligibility for immigration to Quebec. If you score the required points and meet the needs of the province’s labor market, you will be issued an Invitation to Apply or ITA through the Arrima portal.

What are the questions asked in visa interviews?

Before you worry about the questions in an immigration interview, first find out whether you need to attend one. Personal interviews may be conducted but this depends on the immigration category you have requested. You will not need to appear for an interview if you are applying for permanent residency under Express Entry.

For family sponsorship applications interviews are a prerequisite to assess the genuineness of a partnership. Skilled workers rarely need to go for an interview. However, the IRCC could request additional employment-related information before making a decision.

If at all you must attend an interview, the immigration officer may ask common questions at the interview, such as why you want to move to Canada, religious views, hobbies, jobs and education. The visa officer may also ask questions which are specific to your application. If you have applied for spousal sponsorship, the officer will ask questions to ensure your marriage is genuine.

It is important to remember that during the interview the officer will most likely make notes and something that you say will be used to decide about your application. Consequently, it is critical that you answer with facts. If the officer believes that you are not truthful, he may deny your application.

What are the features of Canada’s Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) program?

The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) is one of the three programs within the Express Entry System that an aspiring immigrant can apply under for permanent residence in Canada.

Candidates wishing to apply under the FSWP for immigration to Canada must first submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) by creating their online Express Entry profile.

The selection factors for the FSWP include the following criteria:

  • Age
  • Education
  • Work experience
  • Language ability- this includes English and/or French language skills
  • Adaptability
  • Having a valid job offer

Eligibility factors

To be eligible for the FSWP, candidates must score at least 67 points in all the above criteria.

Apart from this, candidates must fulfill the following conditions to qualify for the FSWP:

  • Have at least one year of continuous full-time or equivalent paid work experience in the past 10 years in a skilled occupation
  • Qualify for Arranged Employment with a Labor Market Impact Assessment and a full-time, permanent job offer from a Canadian employer
  • Have completed a Ph.D. in Canada, or have completed two years of study in Canada towards a Ph.D. in a recognized institution
  • A foreign educational credential, and an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) by an agency approved by CIC to show it is equal to a completed Canadian secondary or post-secondary educational credential.
  • Pass a minimum threshold of language ability for one of Canada’s two official languages (English/French)

Apart from this, all applicants must meet the health and security requirements as indicated by the IRCC.

They must show that they have enough money to support themselves and their dependents after arriving in Canada. The funds needed to support the family is determined by the size of the family.

How does one apply for the PNP program to immigrate to Canada?

The federal government of Canada makes the final decision on immigrants and not the provincial government. This makes the application to the PNP program a two-step process. In the first step, you will have to apply to the province for your provincial nomination. If you are approved by the province you will then have to apply to the federal government for your PR visa.

The step-by-step process:

  1. Find out your eligibility: Use the PNP Live Tracker to track available PNPs and determine your eligibility for the many options available.
  2. Complete a Provincial Nominee Program application: Submit your application to the province or territory.
  3. Submit your Provincial Nomination Certificate: If your application is complete and you are eligible, you will receive an official Provincial nomination Certificate which will allow you to go on to the next level.

Submit your application for permanent residence: Apply to the federal government for permanent resident status in Canada. If you have been nominated via an Express Entry PNP, you can apply through the Express Entry stream.
What are the different categories of PNP programs?

The 70 plus PNP programs can be divided into three broad categories: first-come-first-served, Expression of Interest, and passive.

First-come, first-served

It ensures applications will be approved in the order they are sent once the stream opens before a limit is reached. The quota fills up extremely fast for certain streams.

Many first-come, first-served systems accept applications on a continuous basis, rather than brief intakes during application periods. You can apply at any time if you are eligible.

Expression of interest

This is the go-to method for provinces that integrate points systems into their streams of the Provincial Nominee Program. In several ways, this category resembles the federal Express Entry scheme, with prospective candidates first having to submit an Expression of Interest form to request their candidacy.

In Express Entry, an individual may be competitive, but may not be competitive according to the points system used to rank a particular PNP stream.

Minimum scores needed to obtain an invitation fluctuate from draw to draw through these and other EOI-based streams.

It should be noted that these points systems are separate from the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) used to rank Express Entry candidates. A person might be competitive in Express Entry, but might not be competitive according to the points system used to rank a specific PNP stream.

There is no way to know what score would be expected in the future, so the best advice is to be in the appropriate pool so that you can be considered based on your qualifications for selection.

Passive

Many PNP streams are considered passive because applicants, who in most cases are Express Entry candidates, cannot actively apply or express their interest in being considered via these sources for a nomination. Instead, the province in question can contact potential applicants, and invite them to apply.
What is the processing time for PNP programs?

Processing times for Canada’s Provincial Nominee Programs depend primarily on whether or not the application was submitted under an Express Entry-linked PNP stream, or one of the other non-Express Entry streams.

Applicants should expect a waiting period for the initial application to the province, plus an additional processing time for the federal government ‘s final application for permanent residence.

Many provinces brought down their processing times to a couple of months or even weeks. For applications that are connected to Express Entry, the federal processing period remains six months for most applications. Non-Express Related Applications, also known as paper-based applications, typically take 1-2 years to process.

What are the processing fees?

For the federal government fees, you will need to pay the PR fees for the primary applicant, spouse and the dependents included in the PR application. Here is the breakup of the PR fees:

Primary applicant-CAD 550

Spouse –CAD 550

Child (under 22 years)- CAD 150

According to a new ruling in April 2020, the processing fees have increased for primary applicant and spouse to CAD 825  and to CAD 225 for every dependent child. The fees must be paid online. The provinces have their own processing charges to be paid apart from the above fees.

The table below gives the processing fees of certain provinces:

All Province’s Fees details
Province Streams Fees
Nova Scotia Human Capital Priorities Stream
and
OINP Tech stream
Nova Scotia demand EE and
Occupation in-demand stream
1,500/- or 2,000/-CAD
Non- refundable
No fees to be paid
Manitoba Occupation in-demand stream
And
A skilled worker oversees stream
500/- CAD
Non- Refundable
SINP International Skilled Worker: Occupation In-Demand
And
International Skilled Worker: Saskatchewan Express Entry
350/- CAD
Non- Refundable
Prince Edward  PEI Express Entry stream 300/- CAD
Non- Refundable
British Columbia Express Entry BC stream 700/- CAD
Non- Refundable
Alberta Alberta Express Entry Stream No fee to be paid
New Brunswick NB Express Entry Stream 250/- CAD
Non- Refundable

What is the difference between PR and citizenship in Canada?

Permanent residence in Canada applies to persons who are not citizens of Canada but who have been granted permission to live and work in Canada without any limitation on their stay. A permanent resident is expected to live in Canada for two years out of a five-year period or risk losing their PR status.

To obtain permanent residence a person must apply for the visa and must demonstrate how he meets the criteria for becoming a permanent resident.

A permanent resident has the right to access most social services, such as health care, security under Canadian law, and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Liberties. A person is required to renew their PR visa every five years.

Canadian Citizenship

You will become a citizen of Canada after you have been permanent resident for a defined period of time. After you have acquired Canadian citizenship, you become a naturalized Canadian citizen and become equal to the citizens who received their citizenship by birth.

If you have received Canadian citizenship, you can apply for a Canadian passport and run for office as well.

Difference between Canada PR and citizenship

The only difference is that before becoming a citizen, a person must first become a permanent resident.

Once permanent residents have met certain residency requirements, they can apply for citizenship.

Apart from the right to vote in Canadian politics, the most important distinction between permanent residency and citizenship is the requirement to retain permanent residence. If you are a Canadian citizen, there’s nothing you need to do to retain your citizenship. You will lose your Canadian citizenship only if you want to renounce it.

Can I buy Canadian citizenship?

The Quebec province in Canada has an investor program with a separate set of eligibility requirements through which you can invest and get Canadian citizenship.

The Quebec investor program indicates that an applicant must have a net worth of USD 2,000,000 to qualify for the PR visa. He should have at least two years of experience in running a business in the five-year period from the application date. Apart from this, he must make an investment of USD 1,200,000 in the Quebec government for a period of five years. Under this category, the applicant need not own or manage a business in the province. In fact, this PR program requires only a passive investment from the applicant.

The Quebec Entrepreneur Program is very similar to other provincial entrepreneur programs. Eligibility conditions include meeting the net worth criteria and running a business in Quebec that includes managing its day-to-day operations.

After 3 years of becoming a permanent resident in Canada, investors are entitled to obtain Canadian citizenship and Canadian passport.
Can I migrate to Canada without a job offer?

Of course, if you have a job offer, it could potentially help you qualify for migration, but technically you don’t really need a job offer to migrate to Canada.

You can opt for the federal skilled worker category where you are evaluated
based on your education, your work experience, the ability to speak
English or French, your age, etc.

There is also the investor category, depending on your net worth, and business experience you could apply for immigration without a job in Canada.

The Canadian Experience Class or CEC is an immigration program that does not require you to have a job offer to migrate to Canada.

What are the features of the British Columbia PNP program?

The British Columbia (BC) PNP is a pathway for permanent residence for highly skilled workers, in-demand workers, and entrepreneurs. This program is operated by the province’s government in collaboration with the federal immigration department and the IRCC.  The province gets a limited number of nominations each year.

 The BC PNP accepts applications under three major categories: 

  1. Skills Immigration
  2. Express Entry BC
  3. Entrepreneur Immigration

Each category has its individual streams.

Here are more details about each stream

1. Skills immigration: This stream is targeted at skilled and semi-skilled workers required for high-demand occupations in the province and further divided into five categories.

  • Skilled Worker Category
  • Healthcare Professional Category
  • International Graduate Category
  • International Post-Graduate Category
  • Entry Level and Semi-Skilled Worker Category

Invitations under this stream are issued based on points. Some of the categories do not need prior work experience. Skilled workers require work experience while the entry-level and semi-skilled category of workers need to have some work experience in the province. Recent international graduates from a Canadian university or college do not need any prior work experience.

2. Express Entry BC: This stream provides a faster way for skilled workers to move to the province. To qualify for this stream, you must be eligible under a federal economic immigration program. Applicants must complete their Express Entry profile and meet the eligibility requirements in any one of the following immigration programs under Express Entry:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program
  • Canadian Experience Class

If applicants meet the minimum eligibility requirements under any of the above programs, they will get their Express Entry profile number.

The invitations are given provided applicants qualify under a points-based system. The eligibility requirements under this stream are similar to the Express Entry stream which includes relevant work experience, language and education requirements.

3. Entrepreneur Immigration:  This program consists of three streams.

  • Entrepreneur Immigration Category
  • Entrepreneur Immigration — Regional Pilot
  • Strategic Projects Category

Entrepreneur immigration category: This stream is for entrepreneurs who wish to set up a business in the province. The invitation under this system is also points-based. The applicants must have the required funds to invest in a business. They will be eligible for PR under the entrepreneur immigration stream.

Entrepreneur immigration regional pilot stream: This is for investors wishing to start a new business in the regional communities across the province.

Strategic Projects Category: Under this category, foreign-based companies can set up their operations in the province. Five foreign professionals who can work for the business can be nominated for PR in the province under this scheme.

Application process

Applicants to the BC PNP must follow a two-stage process, they must first apply for a nomination to the provincial government and if they are nominated, they must next apply for permanent residence to the federal government.

List of draws under the three categories of the British Columbia PNP till date in 2020

Skills Immigration and Express Entry BC

Date Number of Invitations Category Minimum Score
18-08-20 302 SI – Skilled Worker
SI – International Graduate
SI – Entry Level and Semi-Skilled
EEBC – Skilled Worker
EEBC – International Graduate
96
98
76
96
98
11-Aug-20 52 SI – Skilled Worker
SI – International Graduate
EEBC – Skilled Worker
EEBC – International Graduate
80
80
80
80
07-Aug-20 437 SI – Skilled Worker
SI – International Graduate
SI – Entry Level and Semi-Skilled
EEBC – Skilled Worker
EEBC – International Graduate
97
98
76
97
98
28-Jul-20 34 SI – Skilled Worker
SI – International Graduate
EEBC – Skilled Worker
EEBC – International Graduate
80
80
80
80
21-Jul-20 62 SI – Skilled Worker
SI – International Graduate
EEBC – Skilled Worker
EEBC – International Graduate
80
80
80
80
14-Jul-20 320 SI – Skilled Worker
SI – International Graduate
SI – Entry Level and Semi-Skilled
EEBC – Skilled Worker
EEBC – International Graduate
98
98
76
98
98
07-Jul-20 57 SI – Skilled Worker
SI – International Graduate
EEBC – Skilled Worker
EEBC – International Graduate
80
80
80
80

 

Entrepreneur Immigration:

Date Stream Score Number of Invitations
28-Jul-20 Entrepreneur Immigration – Base Category 125 7
28-Jul-20 Entrepreneur Immigration – Regional Pilot 123 5
02-Jun-20 Entrepreneur Immigration – Base Category 121 29
02-Jun-20 Entrepreneur Immigration – Regional Pilot 118 9
06-Apr-20 Entrepreneur Immigration – Regional Pilot 107 18
04-Feb-20 Entrepreneur Immigration – Base Category 115 14
04-Feb-20 Entrepreneur Immigration – Regional Pilot 116 5
14-Jan-20 Entrepreneur Immigration – Base Category 117 18
14-Jan-20 Entrepreneur Immigration – Regional Pilot 111 7

What are the details of the Alberta Provincial Nominee Program?

The province of Alberta has over the years become a popular destination for immigrants to settle in Canada under the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) Recent surveys indicate that  Alberta has surpassed British Columbia as the second most popular destination after Ontario for immigrants to settle down in Canada.

The province offers several job opportunities owing to its impressive economic growth in recent years. The Alberta PNP is known as the Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP). This is an economic immigration program which nominates immigration candidates for permanent residence in Canada.

Latest PNP Canada updates?

Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are a key part of Canada’s immigration policy, with more than 200,000 people expected to obtain Canadian permanent residence through a Provincial Nominee Program between 2020 and 2022. 

Provincial Nominee Programs are the fastest-growing economic Canadian immigration pathway. Over recent years, the federal government has gradually increased provinces’ annual allocations for their respective PNPs, showing the increasing importance of these programs within the overall Canadian immigration landscape. 

Date Province Update
25-Aug-20 PEI Invited 293 candidates
25-Aug-20 British Columbia invited 72 candidates
19-Aug-20 Ontario Opened the Employer Job Offer
18-Aug-20 British Columbia Invited 302 candidates
14-Aug-20 Saskatchewan Invited 533 candidates
13-Aug-20 Manitoba Invited 199 candidates
11-Aug-20 British Columbia Invited 52 candidates
07-Aug-20 British Columbia Invited 437 candidates
07-Aug-20 British Columbia Increased application fees
30-Jul-20 Manitoba Invited 199 candidates
29-Jul-20 Saskatchewan Issued 502 invitations
29-Jul-20 Ontario Issued 1,288 Notifications
28-Jul-20 British Columbia Invited 34 candidates
21-Jul-20 British Columbia Invited 62 candidates
21-Jul-20 Ontario Opened and then closed the Employer Job Offer
20-Jul-20 Ontario Announced Employer Job Offer
16-Jul-20 PEI 195 invitations were issued
16-Jul-20 Manitoba Invited 174 candidates
15-Jul-20 Quebec Invited 7 candidates

*Please note that Quebec does not operate a Provincial Nominee Program, but instead manages its own provincial immigration program.

What are the features of the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program?

The Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP) welcomes graduates, skilled workers, business people, and their families to settle in the province as permanent residents.

PNP pathways in Manitoba

Skilled Worker Stream

This stream is open for skilled workers who can meet the needs of the local labor market. There are two streams under this category:

  • Skilled Workers in Manitoba
  • Skilled Workers Overseas

International Education Stream

This stream is for international students graduates in Manitoba. There are three pathways under this stream:

  • Career Employment Pathway
  • Graduate Internship Pathway
  • International Student Entrepreneur Pilot

International students from other provinces are not eligible for this stream.

 Business Investor Stream

Under this stream, Manitoba will recruit and nominate qualified business investors and entrepreneurs from around the world intend to start or buy a business in Manitoba.

There are two pathways under this stream:

  • Entrepreneur Pathway
  • Farm Investor Pathway

Eligibility requirements

  • Applicant must be between 21 and 45 years
  • Must have at least an undergraduate degree or diploma
  • Have a minimum score of 60 out of 100 in the MPNP assessment grid
  • Have a minimum of 2 years of experience in relevant field
  • Must have a valid job offer in an occupation in-demand
  • Must have a minimum score of 4.5 I IELTS exam

Manitoba immigration draws

The Manitoba PNP draws work on an Expression of Interest (EOI) basis.

Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program: In-demand occupations

This is an important aspect of each pathway in Manitoba. This list provides details of in-demand occupations in the province. These are related to specifically skilled streams. Applicants must belong to the specific occupation and meet the criteria and requirements for the pathway. Those meeting these conditions will qualify for the draw.

What are the features of the Nova Scotia PNP program?

Though Nova Scotia is the second-smallest province in Canada, it is a favored province for immigrants to settle in because it has a demand for highly skilled workers. The Nova Scotia PNP allows applicants to qualify under a range of skilled occupations. Apart from these entrepreneurs, international graduates and temporary foreign works can use the PNP of this province to settle down in Canada.

The Nova Scotia Immigration Program is aligned with the Express Entry system. Candidates with an active Express Entry profile are eligible to apply for this program. Nova Scotia’s PNP offers two categories.

Category A which requires candidates to have a job offer from an employer in the province. This could be a challenge for applicants from outside Canada.

 Category B does not have such a condition. The candidates are only required to have experience in any of the in-demand occupations in the province.

 Here are the eligibility requirements to apply under the two categories:

Eligibility requirements to apply under Category A

The applicant must register his profile with the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’s Express Entry system

  • He must score a minimum of 67 points or more in the eligibility criteria
  • He must have a job offer from a Nova Scotia employer for full-time work with a validity of at least one year after your PR visa is issued
  • He must have at least one year of skilled work experience related to the job
  • He must have completed education equivalent to Canadian high school credentials
  • He must prove his proficiency in either English or French based on the Canadian Language Benchmark
  • He must have financial resources to help him settle in the province

Eligibility requirements to apply under Category B

Applicant must be in one of the target occupations as identified in the Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry guide

The applicant must register his profile with the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’s Express Entry system

  • He must score a minimum of 67 points or more in the eligibility criteria
  • He must have at least 1 year of skilled work experience in one of the province’s targets occupations
  • He must have completed education equivalent to Canadian high school credentials
  • He must prove his proficiency in either English or French based on the Canadian Language Benchmark
  • He must have financial resources to help him settle in the province

What are the details of the Prince Edward Island PNP?

Prince Edward Island is the smallest province in Canada located in the East Coast of North America. The province has a growing economy whose main growth areas are agriculture, tourism and fishing.

 Prince Edward Island’s Provincial Nominee Program also known as the PEI PNP provides prospective immigrants with experience and skills opportunities to apply for the Prince Edward Island Provincial Nomination Certificate after which they can apply for the Canadian permanent residence.

The PEI PNP offers three major immigration categories:

  • PEI PNP Express Entry
  • Labor Impact Category
  • Business Impact Category

PEI PNP Express Entry

Under this category, candidates who are eligible under the Express Entry pool and are interested to live in the province can apply. However only those candidates who have skills that match the labor needs of the province will be considered for nomination under this category.

Labor Impact Category

Immigration candidates who have the required skills and experience to meet the needs of the labor market in the province. The stream has three categories:

1.Skilled Worker Stream

This stream is for workers who have been selected or identified by an employer in the province. To be eligible to apply under this stream, the applicant must be either working in the province or have a job offer from an employee in the province.

2.Critical Worker Stream

This stream is applicable to workers who have been hired by an employer in the province and the employer wishes to sponsor them for a PR visa. The applicants can belong to either a semi-skilled or unskilled profession.

3.International Graduate Stream

Recent graduates from recognized universities and colleges in the province who have already been hired by a PEI employer. Eligible applicants will have to work in a skilled profession related to their field of study.

Business Impact Category

This category has a single stream called the Work Permit Stream. This stream is for individuals who want to invest in a business in the province.

Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program

Prince Edward Island is also one of four provinces included in the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP).

What are the conditions when renewing your PR visa?

If you have a permanent residency in Canada, you will have to meet the residency obligation requirement as a PR visa holder. The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act of Canada says that PR visa holders should comply with this requirement to every five-year period.

The residency obligation requires that you must spend a total of 730 days (roughly two years) during this five-year period. The 730 days need not be continuous, you can enter and exit the country any number of times. But you must ensure that you spend a minimum of 730 days in the five-year period. This is relevant when you apply for renewal of your PR visa. If you do not meet the residency obligation you are at risk of not being able to renew your PR visa and losing your PR status.

This residency obligation is verified when you make an application for renewal of your PR visa or apply for a permanent resident travel document. Your residency obligation will be assessed at the Canadian border.

If you were not able to spend 730 days in Canada during the five-year period, you can still meet the residency requirement under the following conditions:

  • You had to travel with a spouse or parent who is a Canadian outside of Canada
  • You had to work outside of Canada on a full-time basis for a Canadian business or the Canadian provincial, territorial, or federal government
  • You had to accompany your spouse or parent who is a permanent resident and is working outside Canada for a Canadian business or the Canadian provincial, territorial, or federal government

Exemption can be made on humanitarian or compassionate grounds if you have breached the residency obligation.

Even if you stayed outside Canada as a PR visa holder for many years, you would not lose your PR status till a final decision is made to revoke your PR visa.
What can you do when your PR visa is revoked?

If your PR visa is revoked, you can apply to the Immigration Appeal Division (“IAD”) for an appeal to renew your visa. This should be made within 30 days of the decision.

But you should be aware that your right to appeal may expire if the decision to revoke your visa was made outside Canada. In such a case you must submit an appeal within 60 days of the decision. The IAD will give you a full hearing. A panel member will hear your case and even if you have not met the residency obligation, the IAD can permit you to retain your PR status on humanitarian or compassionate grounds.

What are the details of the PNP program in Quebec?

The province of Quebec is a popular destination for immigrants. Quebec has its own Provincial Nominee Program known as the Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP). This is an immigration program that provides a fast and convenient way to migrate to Canada.

This immigration program was started with the intention to encourage more immigrants to come and settle in Quebec without having to go through the hassle of a lengthy immigration process.

 Through this program skilled workers can apply for the Quebec Selection Certificate or Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ). It is not necessary for applicants to have a valid job offer in order to migrate to Quebec. However, those with a job offer are given higher priority.

 Th QSWP is also based on a points-based system like the Express Entry System.

The application for the QSWP is quite simple and involves just two steps:

Step 1: Submit your completed application form along with the required documents. Your documents will then be verified by the immigration authorities.

Step 2: The immigration authorities will give you a CSQ that makes you eligible to migrate to and stay in Quebec for 3 months. After this period, you can apply for your PR visa.

What are the details of the New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program?

New Brunswick is a maritime province in Canada. It is the only officially bilingual province in Canada, with around 30 percent of the population speaking French as a first language. The province has several cities such as Fredericton, Saint John, and Moncton.

New Brunswick’s Provincial Nominee Program or the NBPNP targets prospective immigrants who have the required skills and experience.

The NBPNP has the following streams for different immigration categories:

  • Express Entry Labor Market Stream
  • Skilled Workers with Employer Support
  • Post-Graduate Entrepreneurial Stream
  • Entrepreneurial Stream
  • Skilled Workers with Family Support
  • Succession Connect pilot program

Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP)

New Brunswick is also one of the four participating Atlantic provinces working with the Government of Canada in the AIPP.

 Eligibility requirements for the NBPNP

  • Candidate must be between 22 and 55
  • Have the required language proficiency and have language test result not less than two years old as proof
  • Must have completed the ECA
  • If applying for a provincial nomination under an occupation, applicant must have a valid job offer from a New Brunswick employer
  • Have at least 12 months of full time or part time work experience in the province three years before making the application
  • Must sign a Commitment to live and work in the province
  • Show proof of having enough funds to support themselves and their families

What are the immigration opportunities offered to skilled workers under various PNP programs?

The PNP has become the fastest growing immigration pathway to Canada PR in recent times. The reason for this is the increase in the number of annual allocations to provinces by the federal government.

Here are the details of immigration opportunities offered to skilled workers under the various PNP programs. We will look at a few of them.

British Columbia (BC) PNP

The highlights of this PNP for skilled workers are:

  • BC PNP regularly publishes a list of target occupations for the Skilled Workers stream
  • List of 105 jobs under NOC in five categories
  • Separate category for healthcare professions
  • BC PNP Tech Pilot dedicated to 29 technology occupations. Offers priority processing under the existing streams for qualified candidates
  • Operates two streams for healthcare professionals one linked to Express Entry and another is its own PNP

Saskatchewan PNP

Features of this PNP are:

  • 200 occupations eligible for immigration
  • Many streams targeting skilled workers
  • Specific streams for truck drivers, agriculture workers and workers in the hospitality sector

Manitoba PNP

Manitoba PNP has targeted occupations in six different categories:

  • Business, Finance and Administration
  • Natural and Applied Sciences and Related
  • Health
  • Social Science, Education, Government Service and Religion
  • Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport
  • Unique to Primary Industry

The PNP operates two streams -Skilled Workers in Manitoba and Skilled Workers Overseas

Quebec PNP

Quebec has its own skilled worker immigration system

 Quebec Skilled Worker Program has two lists- High Demand Occupation List and an Areas of Training List

For candidates who are either living, working or studying in Quebec, there is a separate program called Quebec Experience Program – PEQ.

Nova Scotia PNP

 This PNP operates seven streams aimed at different categories of skilled workers:

  1. Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry
  2. Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry
  3. Nova Scotia Labor Market Priorities: Express Entry
  4. Nova Scotia Labor Market Priorities for Physicians: Express Entry
  5. Skilled Worker
  6. Physician
  7. Occupations in Demand

The Occupations in Demand publishes a list of 11 targeted occupations, candidates need not have a job offer under this category.

Under the Nova Scotia Experience category requires candidates should have one year of experience in the province.

Prince Edward Island (PEI) PNP

This PNP operates an Expression of Interest system for its skilled worker categories.

The PEI Express Entry Category offers two pathways for the PR visa- one for candidates with a job offer and another for those without a job offer.

Apart from the PNP program, skilled workers can find a job in Canada through the Atlantic Immigration Pilot and the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot.

Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)

The Atlantic Immigration Pilot is a partnership between Canada’s federal government and the four provinces in the Atlantic region which are New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland & Labrador.

The pilot program led by employers intends to bring immigrants to the above regions to fill positions for which local talent is not available.

Canadian employers need not have a Labor Market Impact Assessment under this program. The AIP has categories that include high-skilled, intermediate-skilled workers, and international graduates.

Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot (RNIP)

The Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot was started to promote the entry of skilled worker immigrants to smaller communities.

This program intends to help smaller communities with aging populations and labor shortages to find immigrants who can work in these regions.

Individuals wishing to migrate to Canada under the Skilled Worker category no longer need to rely on the Express Entry system. They can choose the PNP program and select the suitable program that matches their needs.
How can an immigrant bring a dependent child to Canada?

Canada offers a Dependent Visa under the Family Class Scheme which allows Canadian citizens and Permanent residents to sponsor their dependent spouses, children or parents to join them in the country.

The Canada Child Visa comes under the Dependent visa category.

Eligibility conditions to sponsor a dependent:

If an individual wants to sponsor a Dependent Visa for Canada, he must submit documents that provide information about his finances for the past 12 months to the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). This will help the authorities to determine if the sponsor has the means to financially support the members which includes his dependent children.

 Conditions that make the applicant ineligible to sponsor a child:

If the sponsor has been a permanent resident for less than five years

If the parent does not intend to live with the sponsored child in the country after they become a permanent resident.

If the parent is a permanent resident and is living outside Canada. However Canadian citizens can file for the sponsorship application from outside the country.

If the parent is a recipient of social assistance for reasons other than having a disability.

If the parent is in jail for a criminal offence.

Eligibility conditions for child visa:

  • The child must be under 22 years who does not have a spouse, or a common law or conjugal partner.
  • The dependent child must be the biological child or the adopted child of the sponsor.
  • The child must prove he is dependent on the sponsor/parent for his financial needs.
  • Dependent children who are not able to support themselves due to a physical or mental condition have no age limit for seeking sponsorship.
  • The sponsor must submit proof of his relationship with the dependent children.
  • The children who are being sponsored must undergo a medical examination and also submit proof that they have no criminal cases pending against them.
  • The medical examination must be done by a physician who is approved by the Canadian government.

 The dependent visa allows sponsors to bring to Canada:

  • Child adopted outside Canada when the sponsor was a Canadian citizen or permanent resident living in the country
  • Child that they intend to adopt in Canada
  • Sponsor’s brother or sister, nephew or niece, grandson or granddaughter if they are an orphan and meet the eligibility criteria

Steps to apply for a child visa

 The applicant must first prove that he meets the eligibility criteria for sponsoring a child. The next step is to prove the child is eligible to be sponsored.

  After this, the application can be submitted to the IRCC. The IRCC has country-specific requirements for sponsorship. The applicant must adhere to them for a successful outcome.

 Using the Express Entry system to bring a child to Canada

Individuals can include their spouse and children’s profiles in their Express Entry and other aligned immigration programs when making an application for permanent residence.

If they succeed in getting the PR visa, then there is no need to apply for a dependent visa later.

What is the education pathway for Canada PR?

PR applicants are evaluated on various criteria such as age, skills, education, age and work experience.

If a candidate decides to study in Canada, he will gain point in three areas-language, education and work experience and additional points if he is young. An education in Canada can give valuable points for various immigration streams such as Express Entry or PNP streams.

Students are also allowed to work up to 20 hours per week while pursuing their course which helps them gain valuable Canadian work experience and add points to their CRS score.

Studying in Canada will help you get familiar with the culture, people and language (English/French) which will help your social integration once you become a permanent resident.

Benefits of Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP)

Apart from providing one of the best facilities to international students, a recent policy adopted by the government allows students who begin their course online in the fall of 2020 to obtain their Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) after their studies are over.

The PGWP helps foreign students obtain job experience in Canada after completing their course of study at a designated learning institute (DLI). The PGWP is valid for three years, depending on the study program’s duration.

With the PGWP students for work for any employer they wish after finishing their studies. Apart from this the spouse or partner of international students can get an open work permit to work in the country.

Apart from the CRS points students will gain for their PR visa application by studying in Canada, the work experience they gain with the PGWP will also work in their favor. They will get more points for Canadian work experience than other foreign work experience.

Why is the CEC significant for migration to Canada?

The CEC has grown in importance ever since its launch in 2008. The CEC was designed to help international students and temporary foreign workers gain a PR visa.

Since the introduction of the CEC, provinces have increased the number of streams dedicated to students and temporary foreign workers. The newer immigration services of IRCC such as the Atlantic Immigration Pilot and the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot have separate streams for those with Canadian experience.

Canadian work experience also gives more points for the CRS rankings.

The reason Canadian experience in federal and provincial immigration programs has become so relevant is that Canadian government research indicates that such experience is a good predictor that an immigration candidate can easily integrate into the Canadian labor market and perform well in the long term.

For a variety of reasons Canadian work experience is the key. It helps migrant applicants develop their language skills, which is a major component of the Comprehensive Ranking System. Additionally, applicants who obtain Canadian work experience or education can show Canadian employers that they have the expertise and knowledge that employers are searching for.

Even though Canadian work experience may not be superior to the work experience or education gained outside Canada, employers in Canada would prefer to hire someone with local experience.

If you are not a permanent resident and need to work in Canada as a temporary foreign worker, you will need a work permit. However, there are certain jobs that do not require one. This may sound confusing, read this post for further information.
Does Canada give work permit for international students?

The Canadian government offers options for international students to stay after their course and gain some work experience. The Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) provides a Post-Graduate Work Permit Program. Under this program, international graduates can get an open work permit valid for three years. With this permit Canadian employers can work for any employer without the need of having a job offer before making an application.

What are the eligibility criteria for a work permit?

  • Students must be over 18 years of age
  • International Students can work on-campus or off-campus for up to 20 hours during university semesters and full-time during breaks such as the winter or summer holidays, without the need for a work permit
  • Foreign students who are studying in a program that requires work experience such as through a co-op or internship program

What are the options for international students after they graduate?

Canada has provided ways to encourage international students and graduates to stay, gain work experience, or otherwise contribute to Canada’s economy and culture

In its effort to retain international students, Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) operates a Post-Graduate Work Permit Program. Under this program, international graduates may obtain an open work permit for up to three years

This allows them to work for any Canadian employer in any industry without the requirement of a Canadian job offer at the time of applying
What are the documents required for a student visa application?

Your application for student permit must have the following documents:

  • Acceptance letter from the university
  • Valid passport
  • Proof that you have enough funds to finance your studies
  • Proof of English Proficiency Test
  • Academic Documents
  • Receipt of Payment of Tuition fee
  • Medical certificate

Selection to a university in Quebec will need a Certificat d’acceptation du Québec’ (CAQ that will be sent by the university
What are the rules for bringing dependents on a student visa?

A foreign national on a study visa in Canada can bring their spouse and dependent children to Canada. The spouse can also apply for an open work permit. They can work for a Canadian employer for the time the study visa of their partner is valid. However, if the spouse wants to study, they will have to apply for a separate study visa.

Study visa holders can also bring their dependent children to Canada. The children can stay for the duration of the study visa in Canada. Minor children can pursue their school education in the country provided one of their parents can either work or study in Canada. A dependent child should be below the age or 22. Children above 22 years who are not financially independent due to a physical or mental condition are also considered dependents.
What are the different types of work permits?

There are two types of work permits given by Canadian authorities- open work permit and an employer specific work permit. An open work permit basically allows you to work for any employer. This visa is not job-specific, so applicants do not require the Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) or an offer letter from an employer who has paid the compliance fee.

With an open work permit you can work for any employer in Canada except for those companies that do not comply with labor requirements or are involved in services like escort services, erotic massage or exotic dancing.

The employer specific work permit as the name suggests is a permit that allows you to work for a specific employer.

Conditions on the work permit

While the employer specific work permit pertains to a single employer, the open work permit can come with certain conditions which will be written on it. These include:

  • Type of work
  • Places where you can work
  • Duration of work

What are the jobs that do not require a work permit?

There are certain jobs that do not require a work permit, here is their list:

Athlete or coach

Aviation accident or incident investigator

Business visitor

Civil aviation inspector

Clergy

Convention organizer

Crew member

Short-term highly skilled worker

Short-term researcher

Student working off-campus

Student working on-campus

Military personnel

News reporter or film and media crew

Producer or staff member working on advertisements

Performing artist

Emergency service provider

Examiner and evaluator

Expert witness or investigator

Family member of foreign representative

Foreign government officer or representative

Health care student

Judge, referee or similar official

Public speaker

Short-term highly skilled worker

Short-term researcher

Student working off-campus

Student working on-campus
What are the jobs that require a work permit?

Certain jobs in Canada require entry to the country only on a valid work permit.  Two of these jobs are caregivers and agricultural workers. Caregivers who take care of the elderly, disabled of children need to have a work permit before taking up a job in Canada. The same goes for agricultural workers.

What are the eligibility requirements to apply for a work permit from outside Canada?

Irrespective of the work permit you are applying for, there are certain eligibility requirements you must meet, these include:

  • Provide proof to the immigration officer that you will leave Canada on the expiry of your work permit
  • Proof of financial resources that can support yours and your family’s stay in Canada during the work permit validity
  • Proof that you have no history of a criminal record
  • Proof that you are in good health and are willing to undergo a medical examination
  • Must prove that you are not a danger to Canada’s society
  • Willingness to adhere to the conditions of your work permit
  • Meet eligibility conditions such as language skills, biometric data, and insurance to prove that you can enter Canada

What are the eligibility requirements to apply for a work permit from inside Canada?

In order to apply for a work permit from inside Canada, you must meet certain conditions. These include:

  • Having a valid study permit
  • Your spouse or common law partner or parents have a study or work permit
  • You are a graduate from a program at a Canadian University
  • You have a temporary residence permit that is valid for six months
  • You have made a PR application from inside Canada and waiting for a response
  • You have made or intend to make a claim for refugee protection
  • You have been recognized as a refugee by the IRCC
  • You are a trader, investor, under intra-company transfer or are a professional under NAFTA
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